Etymology 1Edit

Borrowing from Philistine. R. D. Barnett speculated the Philistine term might be Indo-European and related to Hittite sarawanas / tarawanas[1] or Ancient Greek τῠ́ραννος(túrannos), itself probably a loan from Asia Minor (see entry).[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]


סֶרֶן ‎(sérenm ‎(plural indefinite סְרָנִים, plural construct סַרְנֵי־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. (Biblical Hebrew) lord, prince, ruler of one of the five Philistine cities
  2. (modern Hebrew) captain, a military rank

Etymology 2Edit

Apparently Semitic.


סֶרֶן ‎(sérenm [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. axle


  1. ^ Nancy K. Sandars, The Sea Peoples: Warriors of the Ancient Mediterranean, 1250–1150 BC, Thames and Hudson, 1978
  2. ^ Barnett, "The Sea Peoples", section IV, "The Philistines", New Cambridge Ancient History page 17, critically remarked upon in Michael C. Astour's review article in Journal of the American Oriental Society, 92:3 (July – September 1972:457f)
  3. ^ See also W. F. Albright in the New Cambridge Ancient History, vol. I, part I, p. 25, note 3.
  4. ^ Helck, Ein sprachliches Indiz für die Herkunft der Philister, in Beiträge zur Namenforschung 21, 1983, p. 31.
  5. ^ Meriggi, P. "Schizzo della delineazione nominale dell'eteo geroglifico (Continuazione e fine)", in Archivio Glottologico Italiano, 38, 1953. pp. 36-57.
  6. ^ Chantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque. Histoire des mots, vol. 4.1, 1968, p. 1146.
  7. ^ Gusmani 1969: R. Gusmani, Isoglossi lessicali Greco-Ittite, in Studi linguistici in onore di Vittore Pisani, Brescia 1969, Vol. 1, p. 511-12.
  8. ^ Cornil, P. "Une étymologie étrusco-hittite", Atti del II Congresso Internazionale de Hittitologia, Pavía, 1995, p. 84-85.
  9. ^ Rabin, C. "Hittite Words in Hebrew", Or NS 32, 1963, pp. 113-39.