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See also: prînce and Prince

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Anglo-Norman, from Old French prince, from Latin prīnceps (first head), from prīmus (first) + capiō (seize, take).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prince (plural princes)

  1. (now archaic or historical) A (male) ruler, a sovereign; a king, monarch. [from 13th c.]
    • , I.42:
      Truely, to see our Princes all alone, sitting at their meat, beleagred round with so many talkers, whisperers, and gazing beholders, unknowne what they are or whence they come, I have often rather pittied than envied them.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin, 2010, p.600:
      By his last years Erasmus realized that princes like Henry VIII and François I had deceived him in their elaborate negotiations for universal peace, but his belief in the potential of princely power for good remained undimmed.
    • 2009, Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall, Fourth Estate, 2010, p.411:
      If Henry does not fully trust him, is it surprising? A prince is alone: in his council chamber, in his bedchamber, and finally in Hell's antechamber, stripped – as Harry Percy said – for Judgment.
  2. (obsolete) A female monarch.
    • Camden
      Queen Elizabeth, a prince admirable above her sex.
  3. Someone who is preeminent in their field; a great person. [from 13th c.]
    He is a prince among men.
  4. The (male) ruler or head of a principality. [from 14th c.]
    • 2011, Angelique Chrisafis, The Guardian, 26 June:
      He is the prince who never grew up – a one-time playboy and son of the Hollywood star Grace Kelly and Prince Rainier of Monaco.
  5. A male member of a royal family other than the ruler; especially (in the United Kingdom) the son or grandson of the monarch. [from 14th c.]
  6. A non-royal high title of nobility, especially in France and the Holy Roman Empire.
    Prince Louis de Broglie won the 1929 Nobel Prize in Physics.
    • 2011, Katharine Whitehorn, The Guardian, 16 October:
      Conspiracy theories are always enticing: one I was involved with in the 50s was about Mayerling, the 19th-century Austrian scandal involving a prince’s lover who died in dodgy circumstances in a hunting lodge.
  7. The mushroom Agaricus augustus.
  8. A type of court card used in tarot cards, the equivalent of the jack.

Usage notesEdit

  • The female equivalent is princess.
  • A prince is usually addressed as "Your Highness". A son of a king is "His Royal Highness"; a son of an emperor is "His Imperial Highness". A sovereign prince may have a style such as "His Serene Highness".

SynonymsEdit

HypernymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French prince, from Old French prince, a semi-learned borrowing from Latin prīnceps, prīncipem.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prince m (plural princes)

  1. prince

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French prince.

NounEdit

prince m (plural princes)

  1. prince

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Semi-learned borrowing from Latin prīncipem, accusative singular of prīnceps.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prince m (oblique plural princes, nominative singular princes, nominative plural prince)

  1. prince

Old OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin prīnceps, possibly a borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

prince m (oblique plural princes, nominative singular princes, nominative plural prince)

  1. prince
    • c. 1235, anonymous, Vida of Jaufre Rudel:
      Jaufres Rudels de Blaia si fo mout gentils hom, e fo princes de Blaia.
      Jaufre Rudel of Blaye was a most noble man, and was the Lord of Blaye.