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HebrewEdit

EtymologyEdit

Root
ע־צ־ם

From Proto-Semitic *ʿaθ̣m-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

עֶצֶם (étsemm (plural indefinite עֲצָמוֹת‎) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. bone
  2. a thing, object
  3. gist, essence
    זהו עצם העניין.‎‎
    zéhu 'étsem ha'inyán.
    That is the essence of the thing.
  4. exact
    וְהֵם חָיוּ בְּאוֹשֶׁר וָעוֹשֶׁר עָד עֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה
    vehém ḥáyu beósher va'ósher 'ad 'étzem hayóm hazé.
    And they lived happily ever after. [literally: And they lived in happiness and wealth to this very day.]
  5. (with possessive suffix) self
    ראיתי את עצמי בראי.‎‎
    raíti ét 'atsmí bar'í.
    I saw myself in the mirror.
  6. (philosophy) substance

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

עָצַם ('atsám) (pa'al construction, passive counterpart נֶעֱצַם‎)

  1. to close (one's eyes)
    • אפרת גוש, לראות את האור
      עצמתי עיני אטמתי ליבי

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

עָצַם ('atsám) (pa'al construction)

  1. (literary) to become mighty