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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From French essence, from Latin essentia(the being or essence of a thing), from an artificial formation of esse(to be), to translate Ancient Greek οὐσία(ousía, being), from ὤν(ṓn), present participle of εἰμί(eimí, I am, exist).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

essence ‎(countable and uncountable, plural essences)

  1. The inherent nature of a thing or idea.
    • Landor
      The laws are at present, both in form and essence, the greatest curse that society labours under.
    • Addison
      Gifts and alms are the expressions, not the essence of this virtue [charity].
    • Courthorpe
      The essence of Addison's humour is irony.
  2. (philosophy) The true nature of anything, not accidental or illusory.
  3. Constituent substance.
    • Milton
      Uncompounded is their essence pure.
  4. A being; especially, a purely spiritual being.
    • Milton
      As far as gods and heavenly essences / Can perish.
    • Washington Irving
      He had been indulging in fanciful speculations on spiritual essences, until [] he had an ideal world of his own around him.
  5. A significant feature of something.
  6. The concentrated form of a plant or drug obtained through a distillation process.
    • essence of Jojoba
  7. Fragrance, a perfume.
    • Alexander Pope
      Nor let the essences exhale.

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Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, from Latin essentia. Sense 2 very likely from Latin edō ‎(present infinitive edere or ēsse, perfect active ēdī, supine ēsum); irregular conjugation (eat), in the sense of 'what is eaten, fuel'. Many forms of the latter are indistinguishable from the former, and so the confusion with 'essence' is very understandable.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

essence f ‎(plural essences)

  1. (philosophy, theology) essence
  2. petrol, gasoline
  3. essence, essential oil

AnagramsEdit

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