See also: خیمہand خیمه

Arabic edit

Etymology edit

Frequently thought to be a foreign word, in Jeffery’s words even “obviously not Arabic”. In this case most likely borrowed from Old South Arabian, from which source also Ge'ez ኀይመት (ḫäymät), Tigre ሓይመት (ḥaymät), Amharic ሃይመት (haymät). This could be countered with Ugaritic 𐎃𐎎𐎚 (ḫmt, tent) (attested multiple times), Ugaritic 𐎃𐎎𐎐 (ḫmn, chapel, small temple), Imperial Aramaic 𐡇𐡌𐡍(ḥmn, altar, chapel), Hebrew חַמָּן(ḥammān, altar, chapel) – with a small probability related to Egyptian ḫꜣwt (altar, altar chamber) –, Ugaritic 𐎃𐎊𐎎 (ḫym, canopy, baldachin) – possibly related to Akkadian 𒌆𒄩𒁍𒌝 (TUG2.ḪA.BU.UM), 𒌆𒄩𒌝 (TUG2.ḪA.UM /⁠ḫaʾum, ḫawum⁠/, a kind of covering cloth).

Compare also Kabyle taxxamt, taxyamt, axxam, axyam, this and equivalent words in other Berber languages meaning “tent” foremostly, and “cabin, chamber, room”, reconstructed for Proto-Berber rather than deemed borrowed from Arabic.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

خَيْمَة (ḵaymaf (plural خِيَام(ḵiyām) or خِيَم(ḵiyam))

  1. tent
  2. tarpaulin
  3. arbor, bower
  4. pavilion

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • خيمة” in Almaany
  • ḥmn”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • H2553 in Strong, James (1979) Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible
  • ḫawû”, in The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago (CAD), volume 6, Ḫ, Chicago: University of Chicago Oriental Institute, 1956, pages 162–163
  • Dillmann, August (1865), “ኀይመት”, in Lexicon linguae aethiopicae cum indice latino (in Latin), Leipzig: T. O. Weigel, column 610
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “خيمة”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 419
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 30
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “خيمة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 544
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, pages 127
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “خيمة”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, pages 658–659
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “خيمة”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 837
  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 269
  • Olmo Lete, Gregorio del; Sanmartín, Joaquín; Watson, Wilfred G. E. (2015), “ḫmn, ḫmt, ḫym”, in A Dictionary of the Ugaritic Language in the Alphabetic Tradition (Handbook of Oriental Studies; 112), 3rd edition, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, pages 390, 392, 411
  • Smith, Mark S.; Pitard, Wayne T. (2009) The Ugaritic Baal Cycle. Volume II. Introduction with Text, Translation and Commentary of KTU/CAT 1.3–1.4 (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum), volume 114, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 414
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “خيمة”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[1], London: W.H. Allen, page 349
  • Vollers, Karl (1896), “Beiträge zur Kenntniss der lebenden arabischen Sprache in Aegypten”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[2] (in German), volume 50, page 631
  • Wahrmund, Adolf (1887), “خيمة”, in Handwörterbuch der neu-arabischen und deutschen Sprache (in German), volume 1, Gießen: J. Ricker’sche Buchhandlung, page 638–639
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “خيمة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 310
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “خيمة”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 373
  • Zammit, Martin R. (2009), “South Arabian Loanwords”, in Versteegh, Kees, editor, Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, volume 4, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 296