See also: Bower

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English bour, from Old English būr, from Proto-Germanic *būraz (room, abode). Cognate with German Bauer (birdcage), Old Norse búr (Danish bur, Norwegian Bokmål bur, Swedish bur (cage).

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. A bedroom or private apartments, especially for a woman in a medieval castle.
    • c. 1572, George Gascoigne, A Lady being both wronged by false suspect, and also wounded by the durance of hir husband, doth thus bewray hir grief.
      Give me my lute in bed now as I lie, / And lock the doors of mine unlucky bower.
  2. (literary) A dwelling; a picturesque country cottage, especially one that is used as a retreat.
    • 1748, William Shenstone, to William Lyttleton Esq.
      While friends arrived in circles gay,
      To visit Damon's bower
    • 1818, John Keats, “Book I”, in Endymion: A Poetic Romance, London: [] [T. Miller] for Taylor and Hessey, [], OCLC 1467112, lines 1–5, page 3:
      A thing of beauty is a joy for ever: / Its loveliness increases; it will never / Pass into nothingness; but still will keep / A bower quiet for us, and a sleep / Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet breathing.
  3. A shady, leafy shelter or recess in a garden or woods.
  4. (ornithology) A large structure made of grass, twigs, etc., and decorated with bright objects, used by male bower birds during courtship displays.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bower (third-person singular simple present bowers, present participle bowering, simple past and past participle bowered)

  1. To embower; to enclose.
    • c. 1591–1595, Shakespeare, William, Romeo and Juliet, act 3, scene 2, lines 80–82:
      O nature, what hadst thou to do in hell / When thou didst bower the spirit of a fiend / In mortal paradise of such sweet flesh?
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 1, in The Dust of Conflict[1]:
      [] belts of thin white mist streaked the brown plough land in the hollow where Appleby could see the pale shine of a winding river. Across that in turn, meadow and coppice rolled away past the white walls of a village bowered in orchards, []
  2. (obsolete) To lodge.
    • 1579, Immeritô [pseudonym; Edmund Spenser], “Marche. Aegloga Tertius.”, in The Shepheardes Calender: [], London: [] Hugh Singleton, [], OCLC 606515406; reprinted as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, The Shepheardes Calender [], London: John C. Nimmo, [], 1890, OCLC 890162479:
      Flora now calleth forth each flower,
      And bids make readie Maias bower

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English boueer, from Old English būr, ġebūr (freeholder of the lowest class, peasant, farmer) and Middle Dutch bouwer (farmer, builder, peasant); both from Proto-Germanic *būraz (dweller), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōw- (to dwell). Cognate with German Bauer (peasant, builder), Dutch boer, buur, and Albanian burrë (man, husband). See boor, neighbor.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. A peasant; a farmer.

Etymology 3Edit

From German Bauer.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. Either of the two highest trumps in euchre.
    • 1870, Bret Harte, Plain Language from Truthful James
      Yet the cards they were stocked / In a way that I grieve, / And my feelings were shocked / At the state of Nye's sleeve, / Which was stuffed full of aces and bowers, / And the same with intent to deceive.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

From the bow of a ship +‎ -er.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. (nautical) A type of ship's anchor, carried at the bow.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

From bow (verb) +‎ -er.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. One who bows or bends.
    • 1977, Desmond Morris, Manwatching: A Field Guide to Human Behavior, page 144:
      The bower aims his display straight at the dominant figure, who may reciprocate with a milder version of the same action.
  2. A muscle that bends a limb, especially the arm.

Etymology 6Edit

From bow (noun) +‎ -er.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. One who plays any of several bow instruments, such as the musical bow or diddley bow.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

From bough, compare brancher.

NounEdit

bower (plural bowers)

  1. (obsolete, falconry) A young hawk, when it begins to leave the nest.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

bower” in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.

AnagramsEdit