arbor

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English arbour, erbour, a borrowing from Old French erbier ‎(field, meadow, kitchen garden), from erbe ‎(grass, herb), from Latin herba ‎(grass, herb) (English herb). (Compare Late Latin herbārium, although erbier is possibly an independent formation.) The spelling was influenced by Latin arbor ‎(tree).

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

arbor ‎(plural arbors or arbores)

  1. A shady sitting place, usually in a park or garden, and usually surrounded by climbing shrubs or vines and other vegetation.
  2. A grove of trees.
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from French arbre ‎(tree, axis), spelling influenced by Latin arbor ‎(tree).

NounEdit

arbor ‎(plural arbors or arbores)

  1. An axis or shaft supporting a rotating part on a lathe.
  2. A bar for supporting cutting tools.
  3. A spindle of a wheel.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

arbor (a tree)

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

By rhotacism from Old Latin arbōs, arbōsis, cognate with arduus ‎(high): the meaning is "high plant"; the Indo-European /dʰ/ was shifted to /b/. From the Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰ- ‎(high, to grow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arbor f ‎(genitive arboris); third declension

  1. a tree
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 10
      Interea genitor Tiberini ad fluminis undam / uulnera siccabat lymphis corpusque leuabat / arboris acclinis trunco
      Meantime, his father at Tiber's flowing stream bathed his wounds in the clear water and his body leant against the trunk of a tree.
  2. mast (of a ship)
  3. javelin, shaft of a javelin
  4. a gallows
  5. vocative singular of arbor

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative arbor arborēs
genitive arboris arborum
dative arborī arboribus
accusative arborem arborēs
ablative arbore arboribus
vocative arbor arborēs

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • arbor” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

ReferencesEdit

  • arbor” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the vegetable kingdom: arbores stirpesque, herbae stirpesque (De Fin. 5. 11. 33)
    • the trees are coming into leaf: arbores frondescunt
    • to plant trees: arbores serere (De Sen. 7. 24)
    • to fell trees: arbores caedere

Old SpanishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin arbor, arborem, from Old Latin arbōs, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erHdʰ- ‎(high, to grow).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arbor m (plural arbores)

  1. tree
    • c. 1200, Almeric, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 1v. b.
      ally delát ebró. es mót mãbre. e ouo y grát arbor. e fue enzina. ala rayz daq́l arbor estaua abraã.
      There, past Hebron, is the hill Mamre, where there was a great oak tree. Abraham was [sitting] on the root of that tree.
    • Idem, f. 42v. b.
      e crebantaredes todas cibdades en caſtelladas entodos los arbores fermoſos todas las fontanas del agua cerraredes. entodas las buenas seńas abatredes []
      And you shall defeat all cities and fortified towns, and fell all the good trees, and seal all the springs of water and ruin all the good pieces of land.
DescendantsEdit

RomanianEdit

NounEdit

arbor m ‎(plural arbori)

  1. Alternative form of arbore
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