See also: حام‎, جام, and چام

PashtoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian خام(xām). Doublet of اوم‎ which was inherited.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

خام (xâm)

  1. raw, uncooked (of food)
  2. unpaved (of a road)
  3. unripe (of fruit)

SynonymsEdit


PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Persian [script needed] (hʾm /xām/, crude, raw), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eh₃mós. Compare Old Armenian խամ (xam), a Middle Iranian borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

خام (xâm) (comparative خام‌تر‎, superlative خام‌ترین‎)

  1. crude, raw

DescendantsEdit

  • Azerbaijani: xam
  • Georgian: ხამი (xami)
  • Ottoman Turkish: خام(ham)
  • Pashto: خام(xâm)

ReferencesEdit

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “xām”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 93
  • Vullers, Johann August (1855), “خام”, in Lexicon Persico-Latinum etymologicum cum linguis maxime cognatis Sanscrita et Zendica et Pehlevica comparatum, e lexicis persice scriptis Borhâni Qâtiu, Haft Qulzum et Bahâri agam et persico-turcico Farhangi-Shuûrî confectum, adhibitis etiam Castelli, Meninski, Richardson et aliorum operibus et auctoritate scriptorum Persicorum adauctum (in Latin), volume I, Bonn: Adolf Marcus, page 646

Southeast PashayiEdit

NounEdit

خام (xām)

  1. boy

Further readingEdit