ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root س خ ن(s-ḵ-n).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

VerbEdit

سَخَنَ or سَخُنَ (saḵuna or saḵana) I, non-past يَسْخُنُ‎‎ (yasḵunu)
سَخِنَ (saḵina) I, non-past يَسْخَنُ‎‎ (yasḵanu)

  1. to be hot, to become hot
  2. to be ill, to become ill

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

سَخَّنَ (saḵḵana) II, non-past يُسَخِّنُ‎‎ (yusaḵḵinu)

  1. (transitive) to heat

ConjugationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

سُخْن (suḵn) (feminine سُخْنَة(suḵna), elative أَسْخَن(ʾasḵan))

  1. hot
  2. warm

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “سخن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

PersianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Iranian *cánhati; see there for more.

NounEdit

سخن (soxan) (plural سخنان(soxanân))

  1. speech

Derived termsEdit


South Levantine ArabicEdit

Root
س خ ن

Etymology 1Edit

From Arabic سَخَنَ(saḵana).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

سخن (saḵan) (form I, present بسخن(bosḵon), subjunctive يسخن(yosḵon))

  1. (intransitive) to become hot, to heat up, to warm up
    Antonym: برد(barad)
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of سخن
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m سخنت(saḵant) سخنت(saḵant) سخن (saḵan) سخننا(saḵanna) سخنتو(saḵantu) سخنو(saḵanu)
f سخنتي(saḵanti) سخنت(saḵnat)
present m بسخن(basḵon) بتسخن(btosḵon) بسخن(bosḵon) منسخن(mnosḵon) بتسخنو(btosḵonu) بسخنو(bosḵonu)
f بتسخني(btosḵoni) بتسخن(btosḵon)
subjunctive m اسخن(asḵon) تسخن(tosḵon) يسخن(yosḵon) نسخن(nosḵon) تسخنو(tosḵonu) يسخنو(yosḵonu)
f تسخني(tosḵoni) تسخن(tosḵon)
imperative m اسخن(osḵon) اسخنو(osḵonu)
f اسخني(osḵoni)

Etymology 2Edit

From Arabic سَخَّنَ(saḵḵana).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

سخّن (saḵḵan) (form II, present بسخّن(bisaḵḵen), subjunctive يسخّن(ysaḵḵen))

  1. (transitive) to heat up, to warm up
    Antonym: برّد(barrad)
ConjugationEdit
    Conjugation of سخن
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m سخّنت(saḵḵant) سخّنت(saḵḵant) سخّن (saḵḵan) سخّننا(saḵḵanna) سخّنتو(saḵḵantu) سخّنو(saḵḵanu)
f سخّنتي(saḵḵanti) سخّنت(saḵḵanat)
present m بسخّن(basaḵḵen) بتسخّن(bitsaḵḵen) بسخّن(bisaḵḵen) منسخّن(minsaḵḵen) بتسخّنو(bitsaḵḵnu) بسخّنو(bisaḵḵnu)
f بتسخّني(bitsaḵḵni) بتسخّن(bitsaḵḵen)
subjunctive m اسخّن(asaḵḵen) تسخّن(tsaḵḵen) يسخّن(ysaḵḵen) نسخّن(nsaḵḵen) تسخّنو(tsaḵḵnu) يسخّنو(ysaḵḵnu)
f تسخّني(tsaḵḵni) تسخّن(tsaḵḵen)
imperative m سخّن (saḵḵen) سخّنو(saḵḵnu)
f سخّني(saḵḵni)

Etymology 3Edit

From Arabic سُخْن(suḵn).

AdjectiveEdit

سخن (suḵn) (feminine سخنة(suḵne), elative أخسن(ʾaḵsan))

  1. hot, warm (things)
    Synonym: حار(hārr)
    Antonym: بارد(bāred)

See alsoEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • سخن is typically not used to describe the weather, see شوب(šōb) and حار(ḥārr) instead.