قهوة

See also: قهوهand قہوہ

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Derived by medieval philologists from the root ق ه ي(q-h-y), relating to satiety, with the meaning of "wine", explained by Ibn Manẓūr that "it was named thus since it surfeits the drinker of it and takes away his desire". The "coffee" sense is ultimately of disputed origin.

Originally meaning a "brew", the word referred to mulled wine, and later to coffee, possibly since intoxicants were traditionally mixed and served hot in a similar manner to coffee, featuring many overlapping spices and the hospitality etiquette of modern-day Arab coffee culture. Culturally other words were re-purposed from wine to coffee with the advent of the traditionalist Muslim prohibition on intoxication. Other synonyms for "to brew" utilize the same trilateral roots as wine and intoxicants; see خ م ر(ḵ-m-r), meaning to cover over, presumably with hot water, to let sit, to steep, to let ferment or to give suitable time for food to be prepared for use.

Alternatively, some sources trace the term back to the Omotic Kaffa, the name of the region in Ethiopia where coffee was first grown; however, the word used to mean wine in earlier Arabic, more than half a millennium before this Kingdom existed, which makes any associations dubious.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /qah.wa/
    • (Egyptian) IPA(key): /ʔah.wa/
    • (Hijazi) IPA(key): /ɡah.wa/
    • (Najdi) IPA(key): /ɡha.wa/
    • (Levantine) IPA(key): /ʔahwɛ/
    • (Hebron cities and villages) IPA(key): /ɡahwɛ/
    • (Palestinian Fellahi) IPA(key): /kahwɛ/
    • (Moroccan) IPA(key): /qah.wa/

NounEdit

قَهْوَة (qahwaf (plural قَهَوَات(qahawāt) or قَهَاوٍ(qahāwin)) (usually uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) wine
  2. coffee (the drink)
  3. (colloquial) coffee shop, café

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: caoua, cahoua, kahoua, kawa
  • Hebrew: קַהְוָה(kahvá)
  • Malay: kahwa
  • Persian: قهوه(qahve) (see there for further descendants)

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Freytag, Georg (1835) , “قهوة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 511
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860) , “قهوة”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 2, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 829
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “قهوة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 929–930

Gulf ArabicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَهْوَة(qahwa).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قهوة (gəhwəf (plural قهاوي(gəhawi))

  1. coffee shop, a traditional social gathering places where men gather.
  2. (rare) café
    Synonym: كافيه(kafe)

NounEdit

قهوة (gəhwəf (plural قهوات(gəhwat))

  1. coffee

Hijazi ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَهْوَة(qahwa).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

قهوة (gahwaf (plural قهوات(gahwāt))

  1. coffee
  2. (rare) coffee shop, café

See alsoEdit

  • بُن‎ m (bunn, coffee beans)

Moroccan ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Arabic قَهْوَة(qahwa).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /qah.wa/
  • (file)

NounEdit

قهوة (qahwaf (plural قهوات(qahwāt))

  1. coffee

NounEdit

قهوة (qahwaf (plural قهاوي(qhāwi))

  1. coffee shop, café