Classical SyriacEdit

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Alternative formsEdit


From the root ܢ-ܗ-ܪ (IPA(key): /n-h-r/). Compare Akkadian 𒀀𒇉 ‎(nāru), Arabic نَهْر ‎(nahr), Hebrew נָהָר ‎(nāhār), and Ugaritic 𐎐𐎅𐎗 ‎(nhr).


  • IPA(key): [nahrɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [nahre(ʔ)], [nahrawwɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)


ܢܗܪܐ ‎(nahrā’m ‎(plural ܢܗܪܘܬܐ or ܢܗܪܐ)

  1. river, stream
  2. branch of a river
  3. canal


Usage notesEdit

Usually, the plural ܢܗܪܐ ‎(nahrē(ʾ)) is a paucal plural (from two to ten) while the plural ܢܗܪܘܬܐ ‎(nahrawwāṯā(ʾ)) is a multiple plural (eleven or more).

Derived termsEdit


  • "nhr" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 198b
  • Marcus Jastrow (1903), A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, p. 330a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, p. 894b
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