See also: Stream

EnglishEdit

 
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Gustave Courbet's Le ruisseau de la Brême (The Brême Stream, 1866)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English streem, strem, from Old English strēam, from Proto-Germanic *straumaz (stream), from Proto-Indo-European *srowmos (river), from Proto-Indo-European *srew- (to flow). Doublet of rheum.

Cognate with Scots strem, streme, streym (stream, river), North Frisian strum (stream), West Frisian stream (stream), Low German Stroom (stream), Dutch stroom (current, flow, stream), German Strom (current, stream), Danish and Norwegian Bokmål strøm (current, stream, flow), Norwegian Nynorsk straum (current, stream, flow), Swedish ström (current, stream, flow), Icelandic straumur (current, stream, torrent, flood), Ancient Greek ῥεῦμα (rheûma, stream, flow), Lithuanian srovė (current, stream) Polish strumień (stream), Welsh ffrwd (stream, current), Scottish Gaelic sruth (stream).

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: strēm, IPA(key): /stɹiːm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːm

NounEdit

 
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stream (plural streams)

  1. A small river; a large creek; a body of moving water confined by banks.
  2. A thin connected passing of a liquid through a lighter gas (e.g. air).
    He poured the milk in a thin stream from the jug to the glass.
  3. Any steady flow or succession of material, such as water, air, radio signal or words.
    Her constant nagging was to him a stream of abuse.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 10, in The China Governess[1]:
      With a little manœuvring they contrived to meet on the doorstep which was […] in a boiling stream of passers-by, hurrying business people speeding past in a flurry of fumes and dust in the bright haze.
    • 2011 December 21, Helen Pidd, “Europeans migrate south as continent drifts deeper into crisis”, in the Guardian[2]:
      A new stream of migrants is leaving the continent. It threatens to become a torrent if the debt crisis continues to worsen.
  4. (sciences, umbrella term) All moving waters.
  5. (computing) A source or repository of data that can be read or written only sequentially.
  6. (figuratively) A particular path, channel, division, or way of proceeding.
    Haredi Judaism is a stream of Orthodox Judaism characterized by rejection of modern secular culture.
  7. (Britain, education) A division of a school year by perceived ability.
    All of the bright kids went into the A stream, but I was in the B stream.
  8. A live stream.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

stream (third-person singular simple present streams, present participle streaming, simple past and past participle streamed)

  1. (intransitive) To flow in a continuous or steady manner, like a liquid.
  2. (intransitive) To extend; to stretch out with a wavy motion; to float in the wind.
    A flag streams in the wind.
  3. (transitive) To discharge in a stream.
    The soldier's wound was streaming blood.
  4. (Internet) To push continuous data (e.g. music) from a server to a client computer while it is being used (played) on the client.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English stream.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /striːm/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: stream

NounEdit

stream m (plural streams)

  1. (computing, Internet) A stream.

Related termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *straum.

Germanic cognates include Old Frisian strām, Old Saxon strōm, Old High German stroum, Old Norse straumr. Extra-Germanic cognates include Ancient Greek ῥεῦμα (rheûma), Polish strumień, Albanian rrymë (flow, current).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

strēam m

  1. stream
  2. current

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: strem, streem

See alsoEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /esˈtɾim/, [esˈt̪ɾĩm]
  • IPA(key): /esˈtɾin/, [esˈt̪ɾĩn]

NounEdit

stream m (plural streams)

  1. (computing) stream

Usage notesEdit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian strām, from Proto-West Germanic *straum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

stream c (plural streamen, diminutive streamke)

  1. river
  2. stream (of fluids), flow
  3. electric current

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • stream”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011