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Classical SyriacEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ܦ-ܠ-ܚ(p-l-ḥ) related to working.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [pɑlħɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [pɑlħe(ʔ)], [pɑlaħwɑθɑ(ʔ)] (plural)

NounEdit

ܦܠܚܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܦܠܚܘܬܐor ܦܠܚܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܦܠܚܬܐ‎)

  1. servant, attendant, agent, minister
  2. artisan
  3. (military) soldier
  4. worker, peasant
  5. vintner
  6. worshipper
Usage notesEdit

Usually, the plural ܦܠܚܐ(pālḥē(ʾ)) is a paucal plural (from two to ten) while the plural ܦܠܚܘܬܐ(pālaḥwāṯā(ʾ)) is a multiple plural (eleven or more).

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Kurdish:
    Northern Kurdish: pale
    Central Kurdish: پاڵە(palle)

Etymology 2Edit

From the root ܦ-ܠ-ܚ(p-l-ḥ) related to working. Compare Aramaic פלחא‎.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [pallɑħɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [pallɑħe(ʔ)] (plural)

NounEdit

ܦܠܚܐ (transliteration neededm (plural ܦܠܚܐ, singular feminine counterpart ܦܠܚܬܐ‎)

  1. worker
  2. tiller, cultivator, farmer, agriculturalist
  3. vintner, vinedresser
  4. worshipper
InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • plḥ”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary : قاموس سرياني-عربي, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 277a, b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 448a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1197b-1198a