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See also: Pale, palé, pâle, palë, påle, palę, pale-, and pâlé

Contents

EnglishEdit

 Pale on Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English, from Old French pale, from Latin pallidus (pale, pallid).

AdjectiveEdit

pale (comparative paler, superlative palest)

  1. Light in color.
    I have pale yellow wallpaper.
    She had pale skin because she didn't get much sunlight.
    • 1907, Robert William Chambers, chapter IX, in The Younger Set (Project Gutenberg; EBook #14852), New York, N.Y.: D. Appleton & Company, published 1 February 2005 (Project Gutenberg version), OCLC 24962326:
      “Heavens!” exclaimed Nina, “the blue-stocking and the fogy!—and yours are pale blue, Eileen!—you’re about as self-conscious as Drina—slumping there with your hair tumbling à la Mérode! Oh, it's very picturesque, of course, but a straight spine and good grooming is better. []
  2. (of human skin) Having a pallor (a light color, especially due to sickness, shock, fright etc.).
    His face turned pale after hearing about his mother's death.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 5, in The China Governess[2]:
      Mr. Campion appeared suitably impressed and she warmed to him. He was very easy to talk to with those long clown lines in his pale face, a natural goon, born rather too early she suspected.
  3. Feeble, faint.
    He is but a pale shadow of his former self.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

pale (third-person singular simple present pales, present participle paling, simple past and past participle paled)

  1. (intransitive) To turn pale; to lose colour.
    • Elizabeth Browning
      Apt to pale at a trodden worm.
  2. (intransitive) To become insignificant.
    2006 New York Times Its financing pales next to the tens of billions that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation will have at its disposal, ...
    • 12 July 2012, Sam Adams, AV Club Ice Age: Continental Drift
      The matter of whether the world needs a fourth Ice Age movie pales beside the question of why there were three before it, but Continental Drift feels less like an extension of a theatrical franchise than an episode of a middling TV cartoon, lolling around on territory that’s already been settled.
  3. (transitive) To make pale; to diminish the brightness of.
    • Shakespeare
      The glowworm shows the matin to be near, / And gins to pale his uneffectual fire.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

pale

  1. (obsolete) Paleness; pallor.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English [Term?], borrowed from Old French pal, from Latin pālus (stake, prop).

NounEdit

pale (plural pales)

  1. A wooden stake; a picket.
    • 1707, John Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry, London: H. Mortlock & J. Robinson, 2nd edition, 1708, Chapter 1, pp. 11-12,[3]
      [] if you design it a Fence to keep in Deer, at every eight or ten Foot distance, set a Post with a Mortice in it to stand a little sloping over the side of the Bank about two Foot high; and into the Mortices put a Rail [] and no Deer will go over it, nor can they creep through it, as they do often, when a Pale tumbles down.
  2. (archaic) Fence made from wooden stake; palisade.
    • c. 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part 1, Act IV, Scene 2,[4]
      How are we park’d and bounded in a pale,
      A little herd of England’s timorous deer,
      Mazed with a yelping kennel of French curs!
    • 1615, Ralph Hamor, A True Discourse of the Present Estate of Virginia, London: William Welby, p. 13,[5]
      Fourthly, they shall not vpon any occasion whatsoeuer breake downe any of our pales, or come into any of our Townes or forts by any other waies, issues or ports then ordinary [...].
  3. (by extension) Limits, bounds (especially before of).
  4. The bounds of morality, good behaviour or judgment in civilized company, in the phrase beyond the pale.
  5. (heraldry) A vertical band down the middle of a shield.
  6. (archaic) A territory or defensive area within a specific boundary or under a given jurisdiction.
    1. (historical) The parts of Ireland under English jurisdiction.
    2. (historical) The territory around Calais under English control (from the 14th to 16th centuries).
      • 2009, Hilary Mantel, Wolf Hall, Fourth Estate 2010, p. 402:
        He knows the fortifications – crumbling – and beyond the city walls the lands of the Pale, its woods, villages and marshes, its sluices, dykes and canals.
      • 2011, Thomas Penn, Winter King, Penguin 2012, p. 73:
        A low-lying, marshy enclave stretching eighteen miles along the coast and pushing some eight to ten miles inland, the Pale of Calais nestled between French Picardy to the west and, to the east, the imperial-dominated territories of Flanders.
    3. (historical) A portion of Russia in which Jews were permitted to live.
  7. (archaic) The jurisdiction (territorial or otherwise) of an authority.
  8. A cheese scoop.[1]
  9. A shore for bracing a timber before it is fastened.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spencer to this entry?)
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

pale (third-person singular simple present pales, present participle paling, simple past and past participle paled)

  1. To enclose with pales, or as if with pales; to encircle or encompass; to fence off.
    • c. 1609, William Shakespeare, Cymbeline, Act III, Scene 1,[7]
      [] your isle, which stands
      As Neptune’s park, ribbed and paled in
      With rocks unscalable and roaring waters,

Related termsEdit

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: promise · obliged · ourselves · #912: pale · happiness · religion · dress

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ P. L. Simmonds, A Dictionary of Trade Products, Commercial, Manufacturing, and Technical Terms, London: Routledge, 1858, p. 272,[1]

AnagramsEdit


EstonianEdit

NounEdit

pale (genitive [please provide], partitive [please provide])

  1. cheek

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pāla (shovel, spade).

NounEdit

pale f (plural pales)

  1. blade (of a propeller etc)
  2. vane (of a windmill etc)

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French parler (talk, speak)

VerbEdit

pale

  1. to talk, to speak

ItalianEdit

NounEdit

pale f

  1. plural of pala

AnagramsEdit


KurdishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

pale ?

  1. worker

LatinEdit

NounEdit

pāle

  1. vocative singular of pālus

ReferencesEdit

  • pale in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pale” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • pale in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pale in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Lower SorbianEdit

PronunciationEdit

ParticipleEdit

pale

  1. third-person plural present of paliś

NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French pale, from Latin pallidus (pale, pallid).

AdjectiveEdit

pale m, f

  1. (Jersey) pale

SynonymsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin pallidus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pale m (oblique and nominative feminine singular pale)

  1. pale, whitish or having little color

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

SwahiliEdit

AdjectiveEdit

pale

  1. Pa class inflected form of -le.