minister

See also: Minister

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

(noun): From Middle English ministre, from Old French ministre, from Latin minister (an attendant, servant, assistant, a priest's assistant or other under official), from minor (less) + -ter; see minor.

(verb): From Middle English mynystren, from Old French menistrer, ministrer and Latin ministrō, from the noun.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈmɪnɨstɚ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈmɪnɪstə/
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NounEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

minister (plural ministers)

  1. A person who is trained to preach, to perform religious ceremonies, and to afford pastoral care at a Protestant church.
    The minister said a prayer on behalf of the entire congregation.
  2. A politician who heads a ministry (national or regional government department for public service).
    He was newly appointed to be Minister of the Interior.
    • 1661 (first printed), Francis Bacon, A Letter of Advice to the Duke of Buckingham:
      Ministers to kings, whose eyes, ears, and hands they are, must be answerable to God and man.
  3. In diplomacy, the rank of diplomat directly below ambassador.
  4. A servant; a subordinate; an officer or assistant of inferior rank; hence, an agent, an instrument.

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with minster.

HypernymsEdit

  • (Chief minister in areas of Central Europe and Scandinavia): provost

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Pijin: minista
  • Hausa: ministà

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

minister (third-person singular simple present ministers, present participle ministering, simple past and past participle ministered)

  1. (transitive) To attend to (the needs of); to tend; to take care (of); to give aid; to give service.
  2. to function as a clergyman or as the officiant in church worship
  3. (transitive, archaic) To afford, to give, to supply.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

 
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

EtymologyEdit

From Latin minister.

NounEdit

minister c (definite singular ministeren, indefinite plural ministre, definite plural ministrene)

  1. a minister (a politician who heads a ministry)

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

minister m (plural ministers, diminutive ministertje n)

  1. A minister, a person who is commissioned by the government for public service.

DescendantsEdit


Inari SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

minister

  1. minister (politician)

InflectionEdit

Odd inflection
singular plural
Nominative minister ministereh
Accusative minister ministerijd
Genitive minister ministerij
Illative ministerân ministeráid
Locative ministerist ministerijn
Comitative ministeráin ministerijguin
Abessive ministerttáá ministerijttáá
Essive ministerin
Partitive ministerid

Derived termsEdit


LadinEdit

NounEdit

minister m (plural ministeres)

  1. minister
  2. ministry

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *minosteros. Equivalent to minus + comparative suffix *-tero-. Compare magister.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

minister m (genitive ministrī, feminine ministra or ministrīx); second declension

  1. attendant, servant, waiter
  2. agent, aide
  3. accomplice

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative minister ministrī
Genitive ministrī ministrōrum
Dative ministrō ministrīs
Accusative ministrum ministrōs
Ablative ministrō ministrīs
Vocative minister ministrī

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • minister in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • minister in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

minister

  1. Alternative form of ministre

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

minister

  1. Alternative form of mynystren

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

NounEdit

minister m (definite singular ministeren, indefinite plural ministere or ministre or ministrer, definite plural ministerne or ministrene)

  1. (government) a minister (politician who heads a ministry)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

NounEdit

minister m (definite singular ministeren, indefinite plural ministrar, definite plural ministrane)

  1. (government) a minister (politician who heads a ministry)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin minister.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

minister m pers

  1. (politics) minister

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

minister f

  1. (politics) female minister

DeclensionEdit

The feminine version is indeclinable.

Further readingEdit

  • minister in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • minister in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French ministère.

NounEdit

minister n (plural ministere)

  1. ministry

Related termsEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

minister c

  1. a minister (member of government, cabinet)
  2. a minister (in the foreign affairs administration)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of minister 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative minister ministern ministrar ministrarna
Genitive ministers ministerns ministrars ministrarnas

Derived termsEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French ministre.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /miˈnɪstər/, /məˈnɪstər/

NounEdit

minister c (plural ministers)

  1. minister (of a government)

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • minister”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011