अर्घ

SanskritEdit

Alternative scriptsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hargʰás (price, value), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elgʷʰ-ós, from *h₂elgʷʰ- (to cost, have value). Cognate with Ossetian аргъ (arǧ), Sogdian [script needed] ('rγ), Avestan 𐬀𐬭𐬆𐬘𐬀𐬵(arəjah, value, price), Persian ارزش(arzeš, value), ارز(arz, currency), Ancient Greek ἀλφή (alphḗ, gain), Lithuanian alga (wages).[1] Compare also Hungarian ár (price), an early Indo-Iranian borrowing.[2]

The Sanskrit root is अर्ह् (arh).[3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

अर्घ (arghám

  1. worth, value, price

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of अर्घ (arghá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अर्घः
argháḥ
अर्घौ
arghaú
अर्घाः / अर्घासः¹
arghā́ḥ / arghā́saḥ¹
Vocative अर्घ
árgha
अर्घौ
árghau
अर्घाः / अर्घासः¹
árghāḥ / árghāsaḥ¹
Accusative अर्घम्
arghám
अर्घौ
arghaú
अर्घान्
arghā́n
Instrumental अर्घेण
arghéṇa
अर्घाभ्याम्
arghā́bhyām
अर्घैः / अर्घेभिः¹
arghaíḥ / arghébhiḥ¹
Dative अर्घाय
arghā́ya
अर्घाभ्याम्
arghā́bhyām
अर्घेभ्यः
arghébhyaḥ
Ablative अर्घात्
arghā́t
अर्घाभ्याम्
arghā́bhyām
अर्घेभ्यः
arghébhyaḥ
Genitive अर्घस्य
arghásya
अर्घयोः
argháyoḥ
अर्घाणाम्
arghā́ṇām
Locative अर्घे
arghé
अर्घयोः
argháyoḥ
अर्घेषु
arghéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Puhvel, Jaan, Hittite Etymological Dictionary, Mouton de Gruyter, 1991, page 41
  2. ^ Entry #26 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  3. ^ Monier Williams, “अर्घ”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1899, OCLC 458052227, page 89.