From Sanskrit त्वम् ‎(tvám), from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂.



तुम ‎(tum? ‎(Urdu spelling تم)

  1. you, ye (mid level formality and grammatically plural)


Usage notesEdit

  • तुम ‎(tum) is the mid level formal way of expressing "you" in Hindi and is used when addressing those of equal social status or those one has a close enough relationship with to justify the reduced formality. Because the less formal forms could offend others, आप ‎(āp) is the safest way to express "you" unless there is reason to be less formal.
  • Because तुम ‎(tum) is grammatically plural (adjectives and verbs etc affected by it take their plural forms) even when there is only one person being referred to, the term तुम लोग ‎(tum log) (literally: you people) can be used to specify that more than one person is being referred to.

See alsoEdit

  • आप ‎(āp) (highest formality, grammatically plural)
  • तू ‎() (complete lack of human formality, grammatically singular)
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