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SanskritEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Dravidian (compare to Tamil [script needed](nartankāy), compound of நரந்தம்(narantam, fragrance) and காய்(kāy, fruit); also Telugu నారంగము(nāraṃgamu), Malayalam നാരങ്ങ(nāraṅṅa)), Kannada ನಾರಂಗಿ(nāraṃgi)). Attested form ca. the 4th century (Sushruta Samhita).

Another alternate source is possible as derived from 'naga-ramga' (coloured like lead-oxide) as seen in Monier Williams and Boehtlingk and Roth Greater Sanskrit Dictionary. [1]

NounEdit

नारङ्ग ‎(nāraṅgam

  1. the orange-tree
  2. the juice of the pepper plant
  3. libertine
  4. living being
  5. twin

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of नारङ्ग
Nom. sg. नारङ्गः(nāraṅgaḥ)
Gen. sg. नारङ्गस्य(nāraṅgasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नारङ्गः(nāraṅgaḥ) नारङ्गौ(nāraṅgau) नारङ्गाः(nāraṅgāḥ)
Vocative नारङ्ग(nāraṅga) नारङ्गौ(nāraṅgau) नारङ्गाः(nāraṅgāḥ)
Accusative नारङ्गम्(nāraṅgam) नारङ्गौ(nāraṅgau) नारङ्गान्(nāraṅgān)
Instrumental नारङ्गेण(nāraṅgeṇa) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गैः(nāraṅgaiḥ)
Dative नारङ्गाय(nāraṅgāya) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गेभ्यः(nāraṅgebhyaḥ)
Ablative नारङ्गात्(nāraṅgāt) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गेभ्यः(nāraṅgebhyaḥ)
Genitive नारङ्गस्य(nāraṅgasya) नारङ्गयोः(nāraṅgayoḥ) नारङ्गाणाम्(nāraṅgāṇām)
Locative नारङ्गे(nāraṅge) नारङ्गयोः(nāraṅgayoḥ) नारङ्गेषु(nāraṅgeṣu)

DescendantsEdit

NounEdit

नारङ्ग ‎(nāraṅgan

  1. carrot

DeclensionEdit

Neuter a-stem declension of नारङ्ग
Nom. sg. नारङ्गम्(nāraṅgam)
Gen. sg. नारङ्गस्य(nāraṅgasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative नारङ्गम्(nāraṅgam) नारङ्गे(nāraṅge) नारङ्गाणि(nāraṅgāṇi)
Vocative नारङ्ग(nāraṅga) नारङ्गे(nāraṅge) नारङ्गाणि(nāraṅgāṇi)
Accusative नारङ्गम्(nāraṅgam) नारङ्गे(nāraṅge) नारङ्गाणि(nāraṅgāṇi)
Instrumental नारङ्गेण(nāraṅgeṇa) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गैः(nāraṅgaiḥ)
Dative नारङ्गा(nāraṅgā) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गेभ्यः(nāraṅgebhyaḥ)
Ablative नारङ्गात्(nāraṅgāt) नारङ्गाभ्याम्(nāraṅgābhyām) नारङ्गेभ्यः(nāraṅgebhyaḥ)
Genitive नारङ्गस्य(nāraṅgasya) नारङ्गयोः(nāraṅgayoḥ) नारङ्गाणाम्(nāraṅgāṇām)
Locative नारङ्गे(nāraṅge) नारङ्गयोः(nāraṅgayoḥ) नारङ्गेषु(nāraṅgeṣu)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/monier/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0537-nArAyaNakaNTha.jpg and http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/PWGScan/index.php?sfx=png&vol=4