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Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰánati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰánati, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰn̥h₂-é-ti, innovative nasal-infixed zero-grade thematic present *bʰeh₂- (to speak). Cognate with Ancient Greek φημί (phēmí, speak), φάτις (phátis, rumour, news, speech), φάσις (phásis, speech, announcement), φωνή (phōnḗ, voice), Latin fārī (speak, talk; say), fama (news; fame), fabula (story, tale, fable), Old Church Slavonic баяти (bajati, tell, narrate) and баснь (basnĭ, fable), Russian баять (bajatʹ) and басня (basnja), Old English bannan (whence English ban).

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Verb edit

भनति (bhánati) third-singular present indicative (root भन्, class 1, type P) (Vedic)

  1. to sound, resound, call aloud, speak, declare
    Synonyms: भाषते (bhā́ṣate), वदति (vadati)
    जनिः जपानम् भनतिjániḥ japānam bhánati.The woman speaks Japanese.
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 6.11.3:
      धन्या चिद्धि त्वे धिषणा वष्टि प्र देवाञ्जन्म गृणते यजध्यै।
      वेपिष्ठो अङ्गिरसां यद्ध विप्रो मधु च्छन्दो भनति रेभ इष्टौ॥
      dhanyā ciddhi tve dhiṣaṇā vaṣṭi pra devāñjanma gṛṇate yajadhyai.
      vepiṣṭho aṅgirasāṃ yaddha vipro madhu cchando bhanati rebha iṣṭau.
      For even the blessed longing that is in thee would bring the Gods down to the singer's worship,
      When the Aṅgirases' sagest Sage, the Poet, sings the sweet measure at the solemn service.

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