Sanskrit edit

Alternative scripts edit

Etymology edit

Related to Proto-Iranian *vaiδa-, and traditionally considered to be inherited from Proto-Indo-Iranian *HwyadʰH- (to cut, pierce), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁wyedʰh₁- (to separate, divide). However, considered by Cheung and, with reservation, Mayrhofer, to be from Proto-Indo-European *wyedʰ- (to shoot, take aim, hit, wound).[1][2] Compare Old Armenian վէրք (vērkʿ, wound), an Iranian borrowing, as well as certain Germanic forms like Old English wītan (to blame, reproach) and German entwischen (to escape, flee), which Cheung derives from *wyedʰ- rather than *h₁wyedʰh₁-.

Root edit

व्यध् (vyadh)

  1. to pierce, transfix, hit, strike, wound
  2. to open a vein, (cause to) bleed
  3. to pelt with
  4. to inflict, attach to, affect with
  5. to shake, wave
  6. (astronomy) to fix the position of a heavenly body
  7. to cling to

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Cheung, Johnny (2007), “*ṷaid3”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 410
  2. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996), “VYATH - VYADH”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 591