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SanskritEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Unknown; perhaps from Proto-Indo-Aryan *wiHaHagʰrás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wiHaHagʰrás, from Proto-Indo-European *wih₁-h₂oh₂ogʰró-s, from *weyh₁- (to chase, pursue) + *h₂o-h₂o-gʰr-ó-s, from *gʰer- (yellow, orange). Possible cognate with Ancient Greek ὠχρός (ōkhrós, ochre, pale).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

व्याघ्र (vyāghrám[3][4][5]

  1. a tiger (not in RV., but in AV., often mentioned with the lion; according to R. III, 30, 26, शार्दूली (śārdūlī) is the mythical mother of tigers; but in वह्निपुराण (vahni-purāṇa) they are said to be the offspring of कश्यप (kaśyapa)'s wife दंष्ट्रा (daṃṣṭrā); compare चित्रव्याघ्र (citra-vyāghra)) (AV. etc.)
  2. any pre-eminently strong or noble person, "a tiger among men" (compare ऋषभ (ṛṣabha), सिंह (siṃha))
  3. Millettia pinnata (L.)
  4. a red variety of the castor-oil plant (L.)
  5. name of a rākṣasa (VP.)
  6. name of a king (Rājat.)
  7. name of various authors (also abridged from व्याघ्रपद् (vyāghra-pad)) (Cat.)

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of व्याघ्र (vyāghrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative व्याघ्रः
vyāghráḥ
व्याघ्रौ
vyāghraú
व्याघ्राः / व्याघ्रासः¹
vyāghrā́ḥ / vyāghrā́saḥ¹
Vocative व्याघ्र
vyā́ghra
व्याघ्रौ
vyā́ghrau
व्याघ्राः / व्याघ्रासः¹
vyā́ghrāḥ / vyā́ghrāsaḥ¹
Accusative व्याघ्रम्
vyāghrám
व्याघ्रौ
vyāghraú
व्याघ्रान्
vyāghrā́n
Instrumental व्याघ्रेण
vyāghréṇa
व्याघ्राभ्याम्
vyāghrā́bhyām
व्याघ्रैः / व्याघ्रेभिः¹
vyāghraíḥ / vyāghrébhiḥ¹
Dative व्याघ्राय
vyāghrā́ya
व्याघ्राभ्याम्
vyāghrā́bhyām
व्याघ्रेभ्यः
vyāghrébhyaḥ
Ablative व्याघ्रात्
vyāghrā́t
व्याघ्राभ्याम्
vyāghrā́bhyām
व्याघ्रेभ्यः
vyāghrébhyaḥ
Genitive व्याघ्रस्य
vyāghrásya
व्याघ्रयोः
vyāghráyoḥ
व्याघ्राणाम्
vyāghrā́ṇām
Locative व्याघ्रे
vyāghré
व्याघ्रयोः
vyāghráyoḥ
व्याघ्रेषु
vyāghréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boisacq, Émile (1916), “ωχρός”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque (in French), Heidelberg: Carl Winter, page 1085
  2. ^ Dunkel, George E. (2014), “Lexikon [Lexicon]”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Partikeln und Pronominalstämme [Lexicon of Indo-European Particles and Pronominal Stems] (Indogermanische Bibliothek. 2. Reihe: Wörterbücher) (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter GmbH Heidelberg, →ISBN, page 329
  3. ^ व्याघ्र॑” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 529, column 2.
  4. ^ Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 303
  5. ^ Monier Williams (1899), “Vyāghrá”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 1036/2.