ἀριστερός

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ἄριστος (áristos, best) +‎ -τερος (-teros, contrastive suffix). According to Chantraine, the suffix -τερος serves to differentiate and create a euphemistic contrast with ἄριστος; an unusual formation. The latter is taken to indicate on the right side in this case, the left side being its literal and metaphorical opposite.

PronunciationEdit

 

Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowels and ι by adding a macron after each of them if they are long, or a breve if they are short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes they are short if unmarked.

AdjectiveEdit

ἀριστερός (aristerósm (feminine ἀριστερά, neuter ἀριστερόν); first/second declension

  1. (euphemistic) left (opposite of right)
  2. ominous, ill boding
  3. clumsy, awkward (Compare French gauche)

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ἀριστερός in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ἀριστερός in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ἀριστερός in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «ἀριστερός» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • G710”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • left idem, page 484.
  • BDAG
  • Chantraine, Pierre, "Les noms de la gauche en grec", Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 99.3 (1955) 374-377.