See also: lëft

English edit

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Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English left, luft, leoft, lift, lyft, from Old English left, lyft (weak, clumsy, foolish), attested in Old English lyftādl (palsy, paralysis), from Proto-Germanic *luft-, from *lubjaną (to castrate, lop off) (compare dialectal English lib, West Frisian lobje, Dutch lubben), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)lewp-, *(s)lup- (hanging limply). Compare Scots left (left), North Frisian lefts, leeft, leefts (left), West Frisian lofts (left), dialectal Dutch loof (weak, worthless), Low German lucht (left).

Alternative forms edit

  • (political left): Left

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

left (comparative more left or lefter, superlative most left or leftmost)

  1. Designating the side of the body toward the west when one is facing north; the side of the body on which the heart is located in most humans; the opposite of right. This arrow points to the reader's left: ←
    Synonyms: sinister, sinistral
    Antonyms: right, dexter, dextral
    The left side.
  2. (geography) Designating the bank of a river (etc.) on one's left when facing downstream (i.e. facing forward while floating with the current); that is, the north bank of a river that flows eastward. If this arrow: ⥲ shows the direction of the current, the tilde is on the left side of the river.
    • 1904 March 23 [1904 March 22], Viceroy Alexieff, quotee, “Waiting for the First Collision in the Yalu Region”, in St. Louis Post-Dispatch[1], volume 56, number 215, St. Louis, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 2, column 2:
      The following dispatch has been received from Viceroy Alexieff, dated Mukden, March 22:
      “Gen. Mitchenkow reports that on March 17 our scouts approached Anju and observed on the left bank of the Ching Chong river, opposite Anju, retrenchments made by the enemy.
  3. (politics) Left-wing; pertaining to the political left.
    Antonym: right
The fruit to the viewer's left is smaller.
Derived terms edit

left direction:

left-wing (politics):

Translations edit

Adverb edit

left (not comparable)

  1. On the left side.
    Antonym: right
  2. Towards the left side.
    Antonym: right
    Turn left at the corner. NO! Your other left.
  3. Towards the political left.
    Antonym: right
    The East Coast of the US leans left in elections.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Noun edit

left (plural lefts)

  1. The left side or direction.
    Synonyms: 9 o'clock, port
  2. (politics) The left-wing political parties as a group; citizens holding left-wing views as a group.
    The Left left workers behind, thinking they had a winning demographic coalition. It hasn't really worked out for them yet.
  3. The left hand or fist.
  4. (boxing) A punch delivered with the left fist.
  5. (surfing) A wave breaking from left to right (viewed from the shore).
    Antonym: right
Synonyms edit
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English left, variant of laft (remaining, left), from Old English lǣfd, ġelǣfd, past participle of lǣfan (to leave). More at leave.

Verb edit


  1. simple past and past participle of leave (depart, separate from; (cause or allow to) remain).
    There's not much food left.
    • 1913, Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln, chapter VIII, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, New York, N.Y., London: D[aniel] Appleton and Company, →OCLC:
      Afore we got to the shanty Colonel Applegate stuck his head out of the door. His temper had been getting raggeder all the time, and the sousing he got when he fell overboard had just about ripped what was left of it to ravellings.
    • 2008, BioWare, Mass Effect (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →ISBN, →OCLC, PC, scene: Eden Prime:
      Shepard: What's wrong with your assistant?
      Dr. Warren: Manuel has a brilliant mind, but he's always been a bit... unstable. Genius and madness are two sides of the same coin.
      Dr. Manuel: Is it madness to see the future? To see the destruction rushing towards us? To understand there is no escape? No hope? No, I am not mad. I'm the only sane one left!
      Dr. Warren: I gave him an extra dose of his meds after the attack.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

From Middle English levit, ilevet, y-levyd, from Old English ġelȳfd, ġelȳfed, past participle of Old English ġelȳfan, lȳfan (to allow, permit), equivalent to leave (to give leave to, allow, grant, permit) +‎ -ed.

Verb edit


  1. simple past and past participle of leave (permit).
    We were not left go to the beach after school except on a weekend.

References edit

  • The Concise Dictionary of English Etymology, Walter W. Skeat.

Anagrams edit

Yola edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English left, from Old English lyft.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit


  1. left
      In durk Ich red virst mee left-vooted shoe."
      In the dark I happened first on my left-footed shoe."

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 129