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Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 

Etymology 1Edit

PIE word
*yós

From Proto-Indo-European *yós, *yéh₂, *yód (who, which), from the relative stem *yo-, from the anaphoric stem *i-, *ey-. Cognates include Sanskrit यद् (yás, yā, yad), Avestan 𐬫𐬋(), and Phrygian ιος (yos). See also οἷος (hoîos), ὅσος (hósos).

PronounEdit

ὅς (hósm,  f (hḗ),  n ()

  1. (in Homeric Greek, often demonstrative pronoun) this
  2. (relative) who, which, that
InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
ReferencesEdit
  • ὅς, ἥ, ὅ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Smyth, Herbert Weir (1920), “Part II: Inflection”, in A Greek grammar for colleges, Cambridge: American Book Company, § 338: relative pronoun
  • William Bedell Stanford (1959) [1947]. "Introduction, Grammatical Introduction". Homer: Odyssey I-XII 1 (2nd ed.). Macmillan Education Ltd. p. lxiii, § 12.1 12.2.

Etymology 2Edit

PIE word
*swé

Like (, him), from Proto-Indo-European *swé (reflexive pronoun). Cognate with Sanskrit स्व (svá). See also ἑός (heós).

Alternative formsEdit

DeterminerEdit

ὅς (hósm (feminine , neuter ὅν); first/second declension (third person singular possessive determiner)

  1. (with noun) his, her, its
  2. (as substantive, sometimes with article) his, hers
    1. (in the plural) his or her people, friends, family; his possessions
InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • ὅς, ἥ, ὅν in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • William Bedell Stanford (1959) [1947]. "Introduction, Grammatical Introduction". Homer: Odyssey I-XII 1 (2nd ed.). Macmillan Education Ltd. p. lxiii, § 12.1.
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN