The theonym is found in Homer and Hesiod (ca. 8th century BC). Apparently it is a compound, ἀφρο-δίτη, and the traditional explanation connects the first part with ἀφρός "foam". There is no etymology generally accepted in scholarship. Some propose that the name in its entirety is a loan from a non-Greek language. The same name is found in Albanian Afërdita, a compound of afër "near" and ditë "day", a clear reference to Venus or "the morning star". The relation to the Greek name though is unclear. Others propose a Greek etymology. The latter usually connect the -δίτη with the verb δέατο, "(to shine,) to appear, seem" (Homeric δῆλος "visible, conspicuous, clear") and interpret the name as originating as a title of the dawn goddess.
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /apʰrodi͜ítɛ͜ɛ/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /apʰrodíːteː/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /aɸroðíti/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /afroðíti/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /afɾoðíti/
- ἀφροδίσιος (aphrodísios)
- p. 1,001 in S. C. Woodhouse’s English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language. Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited. 1950.