From Middle French épithète, from Latin, from Ancient Greek ἐπίθετον (epítheton, “epithet, adjective”), the neuter of ἐπίθετος (epíthetos, “attributed, added”), from ἐπιτίθημι (epitíthēmi, “to add on”), from ἐπι- (epi-, “in addition”) + τίθημι (títhēmi, “to put”) (from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (“to put, to do”)).
- IPA(key): /ˈɛ.pɪ.θɛt/
- Hyphenation: ep‧i‧thet
|Examples (term to characterize)
- the Terrible in Ivan the Terrible
|Examples (biology: part of scientific name of plants, fungi and bacteria)
epithet (plural epithets)
- A term used to characterize a person or thing.
- A term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person.
- One of many formulaic words or phrases used in Iliad and the Odyssey to characterize a person, a group of people, or a thing.
- An abusive or contemptuous word or phrase.
2006, Eric L. Goldstein, The Price of Whiteness: Jews, Race, and American Identity:
- Part of this process was the elaboration of new terms for the Jew, especially the increasingly popular epithet “kike”.
- (taxonomy) A word in the scientific name of a taxon following the name of the genus or species. This applies only to formal names of plants, fungi and bacteria. In formal names of animals the corresponding term is the specific name.
term used to characterize a person or thing
- Armenian: մակդիր (hy) (makdir)
- Bulgarian: епитет (bg) m (epitet)
- Mandarin: 稱號 (zh), 称号 (zh) (chēnghào), 綽號 (zh), 绰号 (zh) (chuòhào), 修飾語 (zh), 修饰语 (zh) (xiūshìyǔ)
- Dutch: toenaam (nl) m, epitheton (nl) n
- French: épithète (fr) f
- German: Beiwort (de) n, Epitheton (de) n, Attribut (de) n, Beiname (de) m
- Italian: epiteto (it) m
- Japanese: 渾名, あだ名 (あだな, adana)
- Latvian: epitets (lv) m
term used as a descriptive substitute for the name or title of a person
abusive or contemptuous word or phrase
word in the scientific name of a taxon following the name of the genus or species
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.
Translations to be checked
epithet (third-person singular simple present epithets, present participle epitheting, simple past and past participle epitheted)
- (transitive) To term; to refer to as.
- He was epitheted "the king of fools".