Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: ύδωρ


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥ (genitive *wednós (of water), with ω (ō) from the plural), from the root *wed- (whence also ὕω (húō, to water, to let rain, to rain)). Cognates include Latin unda, Sanskrit उदन् (udán), Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻 (wa-a-tar /wātar/), Old Armenian գետ (get, river), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 (watō), Old Church Slavonic вода (voda) and Old English wæter (English water).




ῠ̔́δωρ (húdōrn (genitive ῠ̔́δᾰτος); third declension

  1. water
  2. rainwater, rain
  3. sweat
  4. time (from the waterclocks of Greek legal systems)

Usage notesEdit

The first upsilon is sometimes lengthened in poetry:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.110
    οἱ μὲν ἄρ' οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ῡ̔́δωρ,
    hoi mèn ár' oînon émisgon enì krētêrsi kaì hū́dōr,
    some were mixing wine and water in mixing bowls,
  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.216
    ὣς ἔφατ', Ἀσφαλίων δ' ἄρ ῠ̔́δωρ ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευεν,
    hṑs éphat', Asphalíōn d' ár húdōr epì kheîras ékheuen,
    So [Menelaus] said, and Asphalion poured water on their hands,


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit