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See also: ύδωρ


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥ (genitive *wednós (of water), with ω (ō) from the plural), from the root *wed- (whence also ὕω (húō, to water, to let rain, to rain)). Cognates include Latin unda, Sanskrit उदन् (udán), Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻 (wa-a-tar), Old Armenian գետ (get, river), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 (watō), Old Church Slavonic вода (voda) and Old English wæter (English water).



Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.
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ὕδωρ (húdōrn (genitive ὕδᾰτος); third declension

  1. water
  2. rainwater, rain
  3. sweat
  4. time (from the waterclocks of Greek legal systems)

Usage notesEdit

The first upsilon is sometimes lengthened in poetry:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.110
    οἱ μὲν ἄρ' οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ῡ̔́δωρ,
    some were mixing wine and water in mixing bowls,
  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.216
    ὣς ἔφατ', Ἀσφαλίων δ' ἄρ ῠ̔́δωρ ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευεν,
    So [Menelaus] said, and Asphalion poured water on their hands,


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit