ὕδωρ

See also: ύδωρ

Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *wódr̥ (genitive *wednós (of water), with ω (ō) from the plural), from the root *wed- (whence also ὕω (húō, to water, to let rain, to rain)). Cognates include Latin unda, Sanskrit उदन् (udán), Hittite 𒉿𒀀𒋻 (wa-a-tar /wātar/), Old Armenian գետ (get, river), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐍄𐍉 (watō), Old Church Slavonic вода (voda), Old English wæter (English water), and Albanian ujë.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ῠ̔́δωρ (húdōrn (genitive ῠ̔́δᾰτος); third declension

  1. water
  2. rainwater, rain
  3. sweat
  4. time (from the waterclocks of Greek legal systems)

Usage notesEdit

The first upsilon is sometimes lengthened in poetry:

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.110:
    οἱ μὲν ἄρ' οἶνον ἔμισγον ἐνὶ κρητῆρσι καὶ ῡ̔́δωρ,
    hoi mèn ár' oînon émisgon enì krētêrsi kaì hū́dōr,
    some were mixing wine and water in mixing bowls,
  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 4.216:
    ὣς ἔφατ', Ἀσφαλίων δ' ἄρ ῠ̔́δωρ ἐπὶ χεῖρας ἔχευεν,
    hṑs éphat', Asphalíōn d' ár húdōr epì kheîras ékheuen,
    So [Menelaus] said, and Asphalion poured water on their hands,

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Greek: ύδωρ (ýdor), υδρο- (ydro-), υδρό- (ydró-), υδρ- (ydr-)
  • Tsakonian: ύο
  • English: hydro-
  • French: hydro-

ReferencesEdit