JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From 為さる (nasaru, honorific for する suru, “to do”), derived from 為す (nasu, to do).[1][2]

SuffixEdit

なさい (-nasai)

  1. (informal) combines with the verb stem to create an imperative as a kind of strong request
    よく()なさい
    Yoku kikinasai!
    Listen up! (as to a child or spouse)
    ここに名前(なまえ)()なさい
    Koko ni namae o kakinasai.
    Write your name here.
    あの(ねこ)()なさい
    Ano neko o minasai.
    Watch that cat.

Usage notesEdit

This is a suffix, attaching to the 連用形(れんようけい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verbs.

This is stronger than a simple request, and is considered somewhat informal. This may be used as a way of issuing a command, such as a teacher prompting a student to pay attention, or a parent scolding a child.

Unlike (くだ)さい (kudasai), -nasai can only be used to make positive commands, never negative commands.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN