Open main menu


Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
Grade: 2
Grade: 2


Compound of 連用 (ren'yō, attaching to an inflecting word, where () is short for 用言 (yōgen, inflecting word)) +‎ (kei, form).[1][2]



連用形 (hiragana れんようけい, rōmaji ren'yōkei)

  1. (grammar) an inflectional category: the continuative or stem form for verbs, the adverbial form for adjectives
    This is the base form after which various conjugational endings are added, such as (te) or ます (masu). See Appendix:Japanese verbs for more details.

Usage notesEdit

As a term describing an inherently Japanese grammatical form, 連用形 is sometimes simply transliterated. When rendered into English, the term has been translated different ways by different authors. Alternate glosses include:

Related termsEdit


  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • Sandness, Karen (1999) The Evolution of the Japanese Past and Perfective suffixes, Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, →ISBN, pages 3, 12, 42, others
  • Henderson, Harold Gould (1948) Handbook of Japanese Grammar, Houghton Mifflin Co., page 12
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Volume 6, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1932, page 643