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Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
Grade: 2
Grade: 2


Compound of 連用 (ren'yō, attaching to an inflecting word, where () is short for 用言 (yōgen, inflecting word)) +‎ (kei, form).[1][2]



連用形 (hiragana れんようけい, rōmaji ren'yōkei)

  1. (grammar) an inflectional category: the conjunctive or stem form
    This is the base form after which various conjugational endings are added, such as (te) or ます (masu). See Appendix:Japanese verbs for more details.

Usage notesEdit

As a term describing an inherently Japanese grammatical form, 連用形 is sometimes simply transliterated. When rendered into English, the term has been translated different ways by different authors. Alternate glosses include:

Related termsEdit


  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • Sandness, Karen (1999) The Evolution of the Japanese Past and Perfective suffixes, Center for Japanese Studies, University of Michigan, →ISBN, pages 3, 12, 42, others
  • Henderson, Harold Gould (1948) Handbook of Japanese Grammar, Houghton Mifflin Co., page 12
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Volume 6, University of London, School of Oriental and African Studies, 1932, page 643