ドイツ

See also: どいつ

JapaneseEdit

 ドイツ on Japanese Wikipedia
Alternative spellings
独逸 (dated)
独乙 (obsolete)

EtymologyEdit

Listed in some sources as deriving from Dutch Duits (German, adjective, noun).[1][2][3] Listed in others as a corruption of German deutsch (German, adjective) or Deutsch (German, noun).[4] Considering the history of cultural contact (and the final rather than ), the Dutch derivation is more likely.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

ドイツ (Doitsu

  1. Germany (a country)
    • 1996 February 25 [Aug 9 1995], Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “(だい)(よん)(じゅう)(よん)(まく) 「(しん)(ぱい)()(よう) [Act 44: “Nothing to Worry About”]”, in るろうに(けん)(しん) —(めい)()(けん)(かく)()(まん)(たん) [Rurōni Kenshin: Ballad of a Meiji Swordsroamer], volume 6 (fiction), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, pages 95–96:
      いろいろと(かんが)えたのですが (じつ)は (わたし) ()()(ろう)()れて()(イツ)()(こと)()めました
      Iroiro to kangaeta no desu ga jitsu wa watashi Yutarō o tsurete Doitsu e iku koto ni kimemashita
      I've thought it over carefully, and I’ve decided to go to Germany with Yutarō.
      ()(イツ)
      Doitsu
      Germany!?
      ()(イツ)は (いま) ()(かい)(いち)(ばん)()(がく)(すす)んだ(くに)です そこで ()(りょう)(せん)(ねん)すればあるいは…と(おも)いまして
      Doitsu wa ima sekai de ichiban igaku ga susunda kuni desu Soko de chiryō ni sennen sureba arui wa…to omoimashite
      Germany is currently the leading nation in medicine, so I thought if he received treatment there, then maybe...

Usage notesEdit

This kanji spelling 独逸 is rarely used in its full form, but its abbreviation is often used.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN