A crude パチンコ (pachinko)
sign in Taiwan. Note the ン (n)
that looks more like ソ (so)
Appears from the Taishō period in the early 1900s.
Compound of ぱちん (pachin, onomatopoeia for a small hard thing striking something else; compare English kaching) + 子 (-ko, suffix used to form nouns, often diminutive).
A pinball-like children's game was first called ガチャンコ (gachanko) of similar derivation, with this more gambling-oriented machine becoming popular from around 1947.
パチンコ (rōmaji pachinko)
- a form of vertical pinball used for gambling, sometimes found in arcades
- a slingshot, stonebow
- (slang) a pistol
The slingshot sense may be more commonly spelled in hiragana, as ぱちんこ.
- ^ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN