machine

See also: machinne and machiné

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French machine, from Latin māchina (a machine, engine, contrivance, device, stratagem, trick), from Doric Greek μᾱχᾰνᾱ́ (mākhanā́), cognate with Attic Greek μηχᾰνή (mēkhanḗ, a machine, engine, contrivance, device), from which comes mechanical.

Displaced native Old English searu.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

machine (plural machines)

  1. A device that directs and controls energy, often in the form of movement or electricity, to produce a certain effect.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.
  2. (dated) A vehicle operated mechanically, such as an automobile or an airplane.
    • 1914 July, F. Britten Austin, “The Air-Scout”, in The Strand Magazine, volume XLVIII, London: George Newnes, Ltd., page 568:
      As the aviator turned his machine to reconnoitre in the new direction, he was surprised to see the hostile aeroplane between him and his objective.
    • 1928, Franklin W. Dixon, The Missing Chums, Grosset & Dunlap, page 1:
      "Joe, how soon will you be ready to roll?" Frank Hardy burst into the garage where his brother was working on a sleek, black-and-silver motorcycle. "Right now, if this machine kicks over," Joe replied, putting down a wrench.
  3. (telephony, abbreviation) An answering machine or, by extension, voice mail.
    I called you earlier, but all I got was the machine.
  4. (computing) A computer.
    Game developers assume they're pushing the limits of the machine.
    He refuses to turn off his Linux machine.
  5. (figuratively) A person or organisation that seemingly acts like a machine, being particularly efficient, single-minded, or unemotional.
    Bruce Campbell was a "demon-killing machine" because he made quick work of killing demons.
    The government has become a money-making machine.
  6. Especially, the group that controls a political or similar organization; a combination of persons acting together for a common purpose, with the agencies which they use.
  7. (poetry) Supernatural agency in a poem, or a superhuman being introduced to perform some exploit.
  8. (politics, chiefly US) The system of special interest groups that supports a political party, especially in urban areas.
    • 1902, The Friend
      A machine politician cannot see why the straight ticket (as be and his clique of party bosses prepare it) should not be voted by every citizen belonging to that party.
    • 2006, Jerry F. Hough, Changing Party Coalitions: The Mystery of the Red State-blue State Alignment, Algora Publishing →ISBN, page 37
      In essence, therefore, the right-fork strategy of the Democrats meant an alliance of the South with the political machines built on the non-Protestant immigrants in key Northeastern states.
    • 2013, Paul M. Green, Melvin G. Holli, The Mayors: The Chicago Political Tradition, fourth edition, SIU Press →ISBN, page 126
      He was thrust into a political maelstrom for which he was ill-prepared, and yet he was, most notably, the Chicago machine's political savior.
  9. (euphemistic, obsolete) Penis.
    • 1749, [John Cleland], “[Letter the First]”, in Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure [Fanny Hill], volume I, London: [] G. Fenton [i.e., Fenton and Ralph Griffiths] [], OCLC 731622352, page 107:
      He now reſumes his attempts in more form: firſt he put one of the pillows under me, to give the blank of his aim a more favourable elevation, and another under my head, in eaſe of it: then ſpreading my thighs, and placing himſelf ſtanding between them, made them reſt upon his hips: applying then the point of his machine to the ſlit, into which he ſought entrance;
  10. (historical) A contrivance in the Ancient Greek theatre for indicating a change of scene, by means of which a god might cross the stage or deliver a divine message; the deus ex machina.
  11. (obsolete) A bathing machine.
    • 1823, Frances Burney, Journals and Letters, Penguin 2001, p. 512:
      One Machine only was provided for Bathers, the Limitted smoothness of the sands not extending widely enough to admit another.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Tok Pisin: masin
  • → Hindustani: मशीन (maśīn) / مشین(maśīn)
  • Irish: meaisín
  • Japanese: マシン (mashin)
  • Maori: mīhini
  • Swahili: mashine

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

VerbEdit

machine (third-person singular simple present machines, present participle machining, simple past and past participle machined)

  1. To make by machinery.
  2. To shape or finish by machinery.
    • 2015, Helmi A. Youssef, Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys, John Wiley & Sons, →ISBN, page 6:
      Engineering materials have been recently developed whose hardness and strength are considerably increased, such that the cutting speed and the MRR tend to fall when machining such materials using traditional methods like turning, milling, grinding, and so on.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French machine, from Middle French machine, from Latin māchina, from Doric Greek μᾱχανᾱ́ (mākhanā́).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mɑˈʃinə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ma‧chi‧ne
  • Rhymes: -inə

NounEdit

machine f (plural machines, diminutive machientje n or machinetje n)

  1. machine (mechanical or electrical device)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French machine, borrowed from Latin machina (a machine, engine, contrivance, device, stratagem, trick), itself a borrowing from Doric Ancient Greek μᾱχᾰνᾱ́ (mākhanā́).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

machine f (plural machines)

  1. machine, device (clarification of this definition is needed)
  2. (slang) machine (a person who is very efficient)
    Ce type, c'est une vraie machine !
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin machina.

NounEdit

machine f (plural machines)

  1. machine; device

DescendantsEdit

  • French: machine (see there for further descendants)
  • English: machine (see there for further descendants)

ReferencesEdit