See also: 體言

Chinese edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 體言 (“uninflected/indeclinable word, indeclinable nominal”).
(This term is the simplified form of 體言).

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Grade: 2
goon kan’on
Alternative spelling
體言 (kyūjitai)

Etymology edit

Coinage in Japanese from Middle Chinese-derived components, as a compound of (tai, body) +‎ (gen, word), literally substantive word.[1][2][3][4] Compare English substantive.

In Japanese grammar, contrasts with 用言 (yōgen, inflecting word, literally function word). See also the dichotomy of 体用 (taiyō, substance and function).

First cited in 1851.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(たい)(げん) (taigen

  1. [from 1851] (grammar) a Japanese or Korean word that does not inflect and can be used as a grammatical subject
    Hypernym: 自立語 (jiritsugo, independent word, free-standing word)
    Hyponyms: 数詞 (sūshi, numeral), 代名詞 (daimeishi, pronoun), 名詞 (meishi, noun)
    Coordinate term: 用言 (yōgen, inflecting word)

See also edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 体言”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ 体言”, in デジタル大辞泉[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, updated roughly every four months
  3. 3.0 3.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN