Chinese edit

to use
to speak; to say; talk
to speak; to say; talk; word
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit


  1. declinable words (in Japanese and Korean)

Antonyms edit

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2
Grade: 2

Etymology edit

(use) +‎ (word), literally word that expresses function; functional word. See also the dichotomy of 体用 (taiyō, substance and function).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(よう)(げん) (yōgenようげん (yougen)?

  1. (grammar) an inflected 自立語 (jiritsugo, free word) in Japanese or Korean grammar
    Hypernym: 自立語 (jiritsugo)
    Hyponyms: 形容詞 (keiyōshi), 形容動詞 (keiyō dōshi), 動詞 (dōshi)
    Coordinate term: 体言 (taigen)

Related terms edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Yamada, Tadao et al., editors (2011), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Seventh edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

用言 (yong'eon) (hangeul 용언)

  1. Hanja form? of 용언 (declinable word (in Korean or Japanese)).