See also: , , and 𠇾
U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional /体

Alternative forms edit

In the historical Chinese dictionary Longkan Shoujian (龍龕手鑑), this character is written in the form of .

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition )

Derived characters edit

Related characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

Chinese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Glyph origin edit

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (person) + (basis).

Definitions edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“body; part of the body; etc.”).
(This character is the simplified and variant form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 2 edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *bɯːnʔ) : semantic (person) + phonetic (OC *pɯːnʔ).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter bwonX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/buənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwənX/
Li
Rong
/buənX/
Wang
Li
/buənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
bun6
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of (bèn, coarse appearance; inferior)
  2. Used in 体夫 (“pallbearer”).

Compounds edit

Etymology 3 edit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. name of prison

Japanese edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings edit

Usage notes edit

This character was originally an alternative form of (bèn) as used in Chinese. This usage now appears to be obsolete, at least in Japanese, where and are distinct characters and are not interchangeable. See the Chinese and Japanese entries for further details.

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
goon
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC thejX).

The 呉音 (goon, literally Wu sound) reading, so likely the initial borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation edit

Counter edit

(たい) (-tai

  1. counter for humanoid objects
    • 2017 March 25, “リンク・スパイダー [Link Spider]”, in STARTER(スターター) DECK(デッキ), Konami:
      (つう)(じょう)モンスター(いっ)(たい)
      (いち)(いっ)ターンに(いち)()()(ぶん)メインフェイズに(はつ)(どう)できる。()(ふだ)からレベル4以下(よんいか)(つう)(じょう)モンスター(いっ)(たい)をこのカードのリンク(さき)(とく)(しゅ)(しょう)(かん)する。
      Tsūjō Monsutā ittaī
      Chi: Ittān ni ichi-do, jibun Mein Feizu ni hatsudō dekiru. tefuda kara Reberu yon ika no Tsūjō Monsutā ittai o kono kādo no rinku-saki ni Tokushu Shōkan suru.
      1 or more Normal Monsters
      1: Once per turn, can be activated during your Main Phase. Special Summons 1 Normal Monster of Level 4 or lower from your hand to where this card is linked to.

Noun edit

(たい) (tai

  1. the body (e.g., of a human or animal)
    1. (particularly) the torso excluding the limbs: the trunk, abdomen
  2. a substance, matter
  3. a form, shape
  4. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
kan’on
Alternative spellings
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC thejX).

The 漢音 (kan'on, literally Han sound) reading, so likely a later borrowing from Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(てい) (tei

  1. an outward appearance, look, aspect
    そういうていsō iu tei deassuming that it is so
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
からだ
[noun] [from 950] body
[noun] [from 1884] the state of one's body:
[noun] physique, constitution, frame
[noun] health
Alternative spellings
身体, ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Chinese (MC thejX).

Hanja edit

(eumhun (mom che))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (body).)

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Chinese (MC bwonX).

Hanja edit

(eumhun 용렬할 (yongnyeolhal bun))

  1. Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (mediocre; rough).)

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Okinawan edit

Kanji edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
からた
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Cognate with Japanese (karada).[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(からた) (karata

  1. body
    (からた)(あら)いん
    karata arain
    to wash [one’s] body / to wash oneself
See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ からた【体・躰・躯・身体】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  2. ^ National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2001 [1963]) 沖縄語辞典 (Okinawa-go Jiten) [Dictionary of the Okinawan Language] (in Japanese), Tokyo (東京): Zaimushō Insatsu Kyoku (財務省印刷局)

Vietnamese edit

Etymology 1 edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: thể

  1. body

Etymology 2 edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: thấy

  1. Alternative form of 𫌠/𧡊 (to see)
References edit