See also: , , and 𠇾
U+4F53, 体
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F53

[U+4F52]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F54]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional /体

Alternative formsEdit

In the historical Chinese dictionary Longkan Shoujian (龍龕手鑑), this character is written in the form of .

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人木一 (ODM), four-corner 25230, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 98, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 509
  • Dae Jaweon: page 208, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4F53

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis).

DefinitionsEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“body; part of the body; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bɯːnʔ): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *pɯːnʔ).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buənX/
Pan
Wuyun
/buonX/
Shao
Rongfen
/buənX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bwənX/
Li
Rong
/buənX/
Wang
Li
/buənX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuənX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bèn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bɯːnʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (bèn, “coarse appearance; inferior”).
  2. Used in 体夫 (“pallbearer”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. name of prison

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji 1Edit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. body

ReadingsEdit

Kanji 2Edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji, co-opted for common use, see above)
  1. inferior[1]
  2. rough, rude (same as )[1]

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Kanji in this term
からだ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(からだ) (karada

  1. body
    • 2004 November 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だいじゅうろくくん たびにはパンツはわすれてもUNOウノわすれるな [Lesson 26: Never Forget to Bring UNO on a Trip Even If You Might Forget Your Underwear]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 4 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      あー 身体(からだ)(おも)いし (かん)(ぜん)(ふつ)()()いじゃの〰アッハッハッハッハッ
      Ā karada mo omoishi Kanzen ni futsukayoi ja no~ ahhahhahhahha'
      Agh, my body feels all heavy. Must be the hangover~ ahahahaha
  2. health
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
たい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (thejX, body).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

(たい) (-tai

  1. counter for humanoid objects
    • 2017 March 25, “リンク・スパイダー [Link Spider]”, in STARTERスターター DECKデッキ, Konami:
      つうじょうモンスターいったい
      いちいっターンにいちぶんメインフェイズにはつどうできる。ふだからレベルよんつうじょうモンスターいったいをこのカードのリンクさきとくしゅしょうかんする。
      Tsūjō Monsutā ittai
      Ichi: Ittān ni ichido, jibun Mein Feizu ni hatsudō dekiru. Tefuda kara Reberu yon ika no Tsūjō Monsutā ittai o kono kādo no Rinku-saki ni Tokushu Shōkansuru.
      1 or more Normal Monsters
      1: Once per turn, can be activated during your Main Phase. Special Summon 1 Normal Monster of Level 4 or lower from your hand to where this card is linked to.

NounEdit

(たい) (tai

  1. body
  2. form
  3. (algebra) field (commutative ring with invertible nonzero elements)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
てい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(てい) (tei

  1. appearance
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, "Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary"). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 용렬할 (yongnyeolhal bun))

  1. mediocre
  2. rough
  3. pallbearer

Etymology 2Edit

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (basis).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (mom che))

  1. body
  2. personally
  3. shape
  4. root
  5. formality
  6. matter
  7. object
  8. handwriting
  9. style
  10. experience
  11. get by experience
  12. acknowledge
  13. think

VietnameseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thể

  1. body

Etymology 2Edit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thấy

  1. Alternative form of 𫌠/𧡊 (to see)
ReferencesEdit