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Kanji in this term

Grade: 1


/idu//id͡zu/(for most modern Japanese dialects; see also Yotsugana) /izu/

From Old Japanese.[1][2][3] Found in various ancient sources, including the Kojiki of 712 CE and the Man'yōshū of 759 CE.



出づ (transitive and intransitive, shimo nidan conjugation, hiragana いず, rōmaji izu, historical hiragana いづ)

  1. intransitive:
    1. to come out, to go out
    2. to become apparent
    3. to leave, to depart
  2. transitive:
    1. to produce, to pull out
    2. to make apparent

Usage notesEdit

This is the ancient form, also used somewhat in Classical Japanese. The modern equivalents are 出る (deru, intransitive) and 出す (dasu, transitive).

Although the conjugation pattern is consistently described in references[1][2][3] as 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, lower bigrade conjugation), the existence of causative / transitive form 出だす (idasu) and compound forms such as izumi ( “spring, water source”, literally “come out + water”) and Izushi (出石, a place in Hyōgo Prefecture, literally “come out + stone”) suggest an earlier 四段活用 (yodan katsuyō, quadrigrade conjugation) pattern.

Derived termsEdit


  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN