助数詞

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 3
すう
Grade: 2

Grade: 6
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
助數詞 (kyūjitai)

(jo, help) +‎ 数詞 (sūshi, numeral)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(じょ)(すう)() (josūshi (kyūjitai 助數詞)

  1. (grammar) counter word, a Japanese part of speech

Usage notesEdit

In Japanese, numerals cannot quantify nouns by themselves, except in certain cases for the numbers from one to ten (and then only using the forms ending in -tsu, such as hitotsu or futatsu). Instead, 助数詞 (counter words) are used after the number to count objects and events.

For example, (hiki) is the counter for small animals:

  • 犬二(いぬに)(ひき)
    inu nihiki
    "two dogs" (literally "dog two-small-animal")

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.