See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
匹-bronze.svg 匹-silk.svg 匹-bigseal.svg 匹-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) Two pieces of cloth hanging.

Han characterEdit

(radical 23 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸金 (SC), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. bolt of cloth
  2. counter for horses
  3. counter for small animals (Japanese)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 154, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 347, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 81, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5339
  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto (accessed 2014-03-16), “匹”, in An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations[1] (in Japanese/English)

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pʰi¹³/
Jinan /pʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /pʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰi⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰi⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pʰi³¹/
Ürümqi /pʰi⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰi³¹/
Guiyang /pʰi²¹/
Kunming /pʰi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi³¹/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰi[t]/
English one of a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9737
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰid/

CounterEdit

  1. Measure word for horses and mules.
  2. Measure word for rolls of cloth.

VerbEdit

  1. to match, to be equal
      ―  pèi  ―  to match
      ―    ―  to be equal

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ひき, romaji -hiki)

  1. small animals
     (いぬ)一匹 (いっぴき)います。
    Inu ga ippiki imasu.
    There is one dog.
  2. rolls of cloth
  3. in the past, numbers of  (せん) ‎(sen)

Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pil, mok) (hangeul , , revised pil, mok, McCune-Reischauer p'il, mok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thất, sất, , sớt, sứt, thớt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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