See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) Two pieces of cloth hanging.

Han characterEdit

(radical 23 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸金 (SC), four-corner 71711, composition)

  1. bolt of cloth
  2. counter for horses
  3. counter for small animals (Japanese)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 154, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 347, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 81, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5339
  • Lawrence J. Howell, Hikaru Morimoto (accessed 2014-03-16), “匹”, in An Etymological Dictionary of Chinese Character Interpretations[1] (in Japanese/English)

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰi²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰi⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pʰi¹³/
Jinan /pʰi²¹³/
Qingdao /pʰi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pʰi⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰi⁵³/
Xining /pʰji⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰi⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pʰi³¹/
Ürümqi /pʰi⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰi³¹/
Guiyang /pʰi²¹/
Kunming /pʰi⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /pʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pʰi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi³¹/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pʰɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰit̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*pʰi[t]/
English one of a pair

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9737
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰid/

CounterEdit

  1. Measure word for horses and mules.
  2. Measure word for rolls of cloth.

VerbEdit

  1. to match, to be equal
      ―  pèi  ―  to match
      ―    ―  to be equal

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana ひき, romaji -hiki)

  1. small animals
     (いぬ)一匹 (いっぴき)います。
    Inu ga ippiki imasu.
    There is one dog.
  2. rolls of cloth
  3. in the past, numbers of  (せん) ‎(sen)

Alternative formsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pil, mok) (hangeul , , revised pil, mok, McCune-Reischauer p'il, mok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thất, sất, , sớt, sứt, thớt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Read in another language