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JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 為る

PronunciationEdit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "なる"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
なる [náꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) なれ [náꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive なられる られ [nàráréꜜrù]
Causative ならせる らせ [nàráséꜜrù]
Potential なれる [nàréꜜrù]
Volitional なろう [nàróꜜò]
Negative ならない ない [nàráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective ならなかった なかった [nàráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal なります りま [nàrímáꜜsù]
Perfective なった った [náꜜttà]
Conjunctive なって って [náꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional なれば れば [náꜜrèbà]

VerbEdit

成る (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana なる, rōmaji naru)

Japanese verb pair
active 成す
mediopassive 成る
  1. to be achieved; to be completed
    ついに五連覇 (ごれんぱ)なる
    tsui ni go renpa ga naru
    Finally they are winning their fifth consecutive championship.
    念願 (ねんがん)なって一人 (ひとり) ()ちする
    nengan natte hitoridachi suru
    He realized his wish to live his own life.
  2. なる: to become; to change into
     (こおり) (みず)なる
    kōri ga mizu ni naru
    The ice becomes water.
     ()なり (にく)なる
    chi to nari niku to naru
    It becomes blood and flesh.
     (わたし)先生 (せんせい)なります
    Watashi wa sensei ni narimasu.
    I will become a teacher.
    コーヒーが (つめ)たくなりました
    Kōhī ga tsumetaku narimashita.
    The coffee got cold.
  3. (impersonal) to reach a time; to get to a timepoint
    八時 (はちじ)なった
    hachiji ni natta
    It has reached 8 o'clock.
  4. to reach an amount/quantity
     () ()げると (さん)メートルにもなる
    tsumiageru to san mētoru ni mo naru
    It can pile up to 3 metres high.
    全部 (ぜんぶ)千円 (せんえん)なる
    zenbu de sen'en ni naru
    1000 yen in total.
  5. (with negative) to be acceptable; to be tolerable
     ()けてなるもの
    makete naru mono ka
    Failure is not an option.
    勘弁 (かんべん)ならない
    kanben naranai
    It is unforgivable.
  6. (in some set phrases) to be made; to be produced; to be created
    名工 (めいこう) ()になる茶碗 (ちゃわん)
    meikō no te ni naru chawan
    a teacup manufactured by a famous craftsman
    空海 (くうかい) (ふで)になる (しょ)
    Kūkai no fude ni naru sho
    calligraphy by Kūkai
  7. (shogi) to promote
  8. (honorific) In the form of "  ()/ () + verbal noun + なる ", a honorific form of the verb.
    Antonym: する
    Synonym: なさる
     (やす) (yasumu, to rest) -  (やす)みになる (o yasumi ni naru, to rest, honorific)
    訪問 (ほうもん)する (hōmon suru, to visit) - 訪問 (ほうもん)になる (go hōmon ni naru, to visit, honorific)


Usage notesEdit

  • This term is often spelled in hiragana.
  • なる corresponds to the English verb "become". When a noun or an adjectival noun (na-adjective) precedes なる it is followed by .
     (くるま)になる
    kuruma ni naru
    become a car
    綺麗 (きれい)になる
    kirei ni naru
    become beautiful
  • When an adjective (i-adjective) precedes なる it appears in its - form.
     (やさ)しくなる
    yasashiku naru
    become kind

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN