Etymology 1Edit

/ni ari//nari/

Contraction of older (ni, case particle) +‎ あり (ari, to be, to exist).[1]



なり (nari

  1. (archaic, Classical Japanese) The classical copula “to be”, equivalent to modern Japanese である (de aru) or (da).


Usage notesEdit
  • Attaches to a nominal or the 連体形 (rentaikei, attributive form) of declinables.
  • The 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the copula can be spelled in kanji as or 𬼂.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the 終止形 (shūshikei, terminal form) of the classical auxiliary verb なり.


なり (nari

  1. Used when giving an example, without the implication that it might be the best or the only option
    Rōdōkyoku ni nari sōdan shitara dō desu ka?
    What about consulting, for example, the Labor Bureau?
  2. ... or ...
    Rakuten nari doko nari de kaimono o suru
    to shop at Rakuten or somewhere
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From なり (, , nari).


なり (nari

  1. (after a verb in the dictionary form) ... as soon as ...
    Yōchien kara kaeru nari, haha ni dakitsuite kimashita.
    As soon as she returned from kindergarten; she clung to her mom.
  2. (after a verb in the past tense ) ... while ...
    kita nari nugō to shimasen
    [it's so comfortable that] She doesn't want to take it off while wearing it

Etymology 4Edit

Reading of various words.


なり (nari

  1. , : clothing; appearance; shape; form
  2. : occupation
  3. 生り: bearing (of fruits)
  4. 成り, 為り: (shogi) promotion
  5. 鳴り: ringing


  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan