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See also:
U+6210, 成
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6210

[U+620F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6211]
成 U+2F8B2, 成
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F8B2
懶
[U+2F8B1]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 戛
[U+2F8B3]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 62, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹尸 (IHS), four-corner 53200, composition𠃌)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 411, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11542
  • Dae Jaweon: page 752, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1399, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6210

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ
*djeŋ, *djeŋs
*djeŋ
*djeŋs
*djeŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djeŋ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ).

PronunciationEdit


Note: chéngr - "one tenth".
Note:
  • sing4 - literary;
  • seng4 - vernacular;
  • cing4 - rare (e.g. 成數).
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • sàng - literary;
    • sṳ̀n - vernacular.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiâⁿ, chiâⁿ, siâⁿ - vernacular;
    • sêng - literary.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: cian5 / zian5 / sian5 / sêng5
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tshiâⁿ / tsiâⁿ / siâⁿ / sêng
      • IPA (key): /t͡sʰĩã⁵⁵/, /t͡sĩã⁵⁵/, /sĩã⁵⁵/, /seŋ⁵⁵/
    Note:
    • cian5, zian5, sian5 - vernacular;
    • sêng5 - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˧˥/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˨˦/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˦˥/
    /t͡sʰəŋ˦˥/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˦˨/
    Qingdao /tʃʰəŋ˦˨/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˦˨/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˨˦/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃˨˦/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˥˧/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n˥˧/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤŋ˥˩/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰən˨˩˧/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰən˧˩/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰen˨˩/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃˩/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰən˨˦/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰən˥˥/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ˩˩/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʰəŋ˩˧/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ˨˧/
    Suzhou /zən˩˧/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen˨˩˧/
    Wenzhou /zeŋ˧˩/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃˦˦/
    Tunxi /ɕiɛ˦˦/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən˩˧/
    Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐən˩˨/
    Gan Nanchang /sɑŋ˦˥/ 現~
    /t͡sʰɑŋ˨˦/ 七八~
    Hakka Meixian /sən˩˩/ ~功
    /saŋ˩˩/ 唔~
    Taoyuan /ʃen˩˩/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ˨˩/
    /sɛŋ˨˩/
    Nanning /seŋ˨˩/
    Hong Kong /siŋ˨˩/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ˧˥/
    /t͡siã˧˥/ ~人
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siaŋ˥˧/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰeiŋ˨˩/
    /iaŋ˨˩/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /seŋ˥˥/
    /siã˥˥/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ˧˩/
    /t͡sia˧˩/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑiæŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑiajŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chéng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chéng chéng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyeng › ‹ dzyeng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]eŋ/ /*m-[d]eŋ/
    English to become (v.i.) to complete (tr. v)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1417
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djeŋ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to succeed
    2. to finish; to complete
    3. to accomplish
    4. to become; to turn into
      衰變206 / 衰变206  ―  shuāibiàn chéng qiān 206  ―  decay into 206Pb
      搵工 [Cantonese, trad.]
      揾工 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Nei5 wan2 gung1 wan2 sing4 dim2 aa3? [Jyutping]
      How's the job hunting going?
      琴日蛋糕 [Cantonese, trad.]
      琴日蛋糕 [Cantonese, simp.]
      Kam4 jat6 go3 daan6 gou1 zing2 sing4 dim2 aa3? [Jyutping]
      How did the cake from yesterday go?
    5. to be all right
    6. OK!
    7. one tenth
        ―  sān chéng  ―  three tenths (30%)
        ―  chéng bàn  ―  5.5 tenths (55%)
        ―  chéng jiǔ  ―  8.9 tenths (89%)
    8. 73rd tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "completion" (𝍎)
    9. (Cantonese) entire
      / [Cantonese]  ―  seng4 faai3 juk6 [Jyutping]  ―  entire piece of meat
      / [Cantonese]  ―  seng4 zek3 gau2 gam2 [Jyutping]  ―  entirely like a dog
      [Cantonese]  ―  seng4 gin6 si6 [Jyutping]  ―  the entire matter
    10. (Cantonese) almost; nearly; up to
      [Cantonese]  ―  gou1 zo2 seng4 sei3 cyun3 [Jyutping]  ―  grew almost four inches
    11. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. to become
    2. to do something

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (seong) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer sŏng, Yale seng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (thành)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit