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桜ん坊 (sakuranbō, sakuranbo): Japanese cultivated cherries.
Kanji in this term
さくら
Grade: 5
ぼう
Grade: S

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

/sakuranbau//sakuranbɔː//sakuranboː/

Etymology unclear. Leading theories include:

  • Compound of (sakura, cherry, cherry tree) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (, boy, monk, in reference to the tradition of shaven heads, indicating the smooth skin of the cherry fruit)
  • Compound of (sakura, cherry, cherry tree) +‎ (momo, peach, in reference to fruit in general; with a phonetic shift from /m/ to /b/ and shift from /bobo/ to /boː/,)

Given the historical reading of sakuranbau, matching the historical bau reading of , the initial derivation seems more likely.

The sakuranbō represents a regular historical shift from older sakuranbau. Sakuranbō with the long ō has been somewhat superseded in modern Japanese by the shortened reading sakuranbo.

The alternative 桜桃 spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), from Middle Chinese 櫻桃.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Tokyo) くらんぼー [sàkúráńbóó] (Heiban – [0])
  • IPA(key): [sa̠kɯ̟ᵝɾã̠mbo̞ː]
  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

桜ん坊 (hiragana さくらんぼう, rōmaji sakuranbō, alternative reading さくらんぼ, katakana サクランボ, rōmaji sakuranbo, historical hiragana さくらんばう)

  1. (fruit) cherry (mostly used for Japanese cherries)
    Synonym: チェリー (cherī) (mostly used for non-Japanese cherries)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN