Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木中一人 (DLMO), four-corner 42913, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 525, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14757
  • Dae Jaweon: page 913, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1202, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+6843

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/daw/
Li
Rong
/dɑu/
Wang
Li
/dɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
táo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
táo
Middle
Chinese
‹ daw ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.lˤaw/
English peach

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16844
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'aːw/

NounEdit

  1. peach
      ―  táohuā  ―  peach flower
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. peach

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
もも
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Brought to Japan in antiquity, with pits found in prehistoric sites from the Yayoi period, 300 BCE - 300 CE. Mentioned as a food in documents from the Nara and Heian periods.[1]

Ultimate derivation unknown. Theories include the following.

  • Possibly derived originally from a reduplication of ‎(Old Japanese mu, modern Japanese mi, fruit), from the way that peaches often grow in clusters. However, the vowel shift seems unlikely given regular Japanese phonetic shifts. In addition, most reduplicated terms in Japanese have the 頭高型 ‎(atamadaka-gata) pitch accent pattern, starting high and falling.
  • Possibly cognate with Old Japanese ‎(momo, hundred; lots). However, this term also has the 頭高型 ‎(atamadaka-gata) pitch accent pattern.
  • Possibly a reduplication of ‎(mo, hair), from the way that peaches are hairy. The term is spelled as 毛毛 in some ancient documents. However, was commonly used as man'yōgana for its phonetic value, in which cases its original Chinese meaning of hair is usually ignored.

None of the above possibilities seems very compelling. Given the archaeological evidence, this term probably originated before the Japanese ancestor population migrated to the Japanese archipelago.

Possibly related to ‎(ancient mume, modern ume, Japanese apricot, Japanese plum).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana もも, katakana モモ, romaji momo)

  1. peach
  2. peach tree

Derived termsEdit

IdiomsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Ainu: モマ ‎(moma, Japanese peach, Japanese apricot)

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana もも, romaji Momo)

  1. A female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune-Reischauer to, Yale to)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

‎(hiragana むむ, romaji mumu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(momo).

NounEdit

‎(hiragana むむ, romaji mumu)

  1. peach

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đào, hồng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Read in another language