See also: and
U+685C, 桜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-685C

[U+685B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+685D]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 木火女 (DFV), composition𰋷)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 526, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14796
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 2, page 1207, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+685C

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“cherry”).
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
さくら
Grade: 5
kun’yomi
 
(sakura): the Japanese cherry tree, Prunus serrulata
 
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From Old Japanese,[1] first attested in the Kojiki, the oldest extant historical record of ancient Japan, compiled in 712 CE.

Originally derived from 咲く (saku, to bloom, burst open) +‎ (-ra, nominalizing and pluralizing suffix). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(さくら) (sakura (kyūjitai )

  1. a cherry tree, more specifically the Japanese cherry, Prunus serrulata
    Synonym: 桜木 (sakuragi)
    Hypernym: 薔薇 (bara)
  2. Short for 桜花 (sakurabana): a cherry blossom
  3. Short for 桜木 (sakuragi): cherry wood
  4. Short for 桜皮 (sakuragawa): cherry bark
  5. Short for 桜色 (sakura-iro): cherry blossom pink
  6. Short for 桜襲, 桜重 (sakura-gasane): a layered style of wearing kimono with one layer in the sakura-iro color
  7. Short for 桜肉 (sakura niku): horsemeat, from its pinkish color
  8. Short for 桜湯 (sakurayu): cherry blossom tea
  9. Synonym of 天保一分銀 (Tenpō ichibugin): a rectangular silver coin issued during the Tenpō era (1830-1844), so called for its cherry blossom pattern; worth one-quarter of a (ryō)
  10. (card games) the suit of cherry blossoms in a hanafuda deck, representing the month of March
  11. (Kansai) a class of prostitute in the red-light district
  12. the middle of the dorsal fin of a fish
  13. (theater, historical) during the Edo Period, a special box or balcony seat for a hired applauder, someone requested to cheer on the performers
  14. (slang) a shill, capper, or come-on working for a store, auction, or even a swindle, who is paid to attract customers or marks
  15. (slang) an ear
  16. Short for 桜炭, 佐倉炭 (Sakura-zumi): a high-quality (sumi, charcoal) made in 佐倉 (Sakura) in Chiba Prefecture, using as ateji for 佐倉
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: sakura
  • Indonesian: sakura
  • Kavalan: sakula
  • Kunigami: (sakūra)
  • Okinawan: (sakura)
  • Portuguese: sakura

Proper nounEdit

(さくら) (Sakura (kyūjitai )

  1. a female given name
  2. a placename
  3. a surname
  4. a piece of koto music, often entitled Sakura Sakura in English:
    さくら さくら 弥生(やよい)(そら)は ()(わた)(かぎ)...
    sakura, sakura, yayoi no sora wa, miwatasu kagiri...
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  5. a piece of music played at the start of 平曲 (Heikyoku, retelling of The Tale of the Heike with 琵琶 (biwa) lute accompaniment)
See alsoEdit
  • (file)

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: 5
kan’on

/au//ɔː//oː/

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠɛŋ).

AffixEdit

(おう) (ō (kyūjitai , historical kana あう)

  1. cherry tree
  2. cherry tree that bears edible fruit
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Laurel Rasplica Rodd; Mary Catherine Henkenius (1996) Kokinshū: A Collection of Poems Ancient and Modern (C & T Asian literature series; C & T Asian languages series), reprint edition, Cheng & Tsui, →ISBN, page 288
  4. ^ Princess Shikishi; Hiroaki Sato (1993) String of Beads: Complete Poems of Princess Shikishi (A publication of the School of Hawaiian, Asian & Pacific studies; SHAPS library of translations), illustrated edition, University of Hawaii Press, →ISBN, page 77

OkinawanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Japanese (sakura).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana さくら, rōmaji sakura)

  1. a cherry tree

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ サクラ” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.