津波

Contents

JapaneseEdit

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Kanji in this term

Grade: S
なみ
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

EtymologyEdit

Compound of ‎(tsu, cove, inlet, outlet) +‎ ‎(nami, wave).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

津波 ‎(hiragana つなみ, romaji tsunami)

  1. (oceanography) a tsunami, a tidal wave (large, destructive wave generally caused by a tremendous disturbance in the ocean)[5]
  2. (hydrology, less common) a tidal bore

Usage notesEdit

The 海嘯 spelling is specific to the tidal bore sense.[4]

This term is sometimes encountered as the compound 地震津波 ‎(jishin tsunami, literally earthquake tsunami), to make the meaning more explicitly clear and disambiguate from the tidal bore sense.

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
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