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 津波 on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Grade: S
Grade: 3


From (tsu, cove, inlet, outlet) +‎ (nami, wave).[1][2]


Alternative formsEdit


津波 (hiragana つなみ, rōmaji tsunami)

  1. (oceanography) a tsunami; a tidal wave[5]
    • 1999 December 1, “海竜神リバイアサン [Leviathan]”, in Booster 6 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (うみ) (おも) ()ばれる (うみ)のドラゴン。 () (なみ)をおこして (すべ)てを () ()む。
      Umi no omo to yobareru umi no doragon. Tsunami o okoshite subete o nomikomu.
      A sea dragon known as the Lord of the Sea. It swallows everything and causes tsunamis.
  2. (hydrology, rare) a tidal bore

Usage notesEdit

The 海嘯 spelling is specific to the tidal bore sense.[4]

This term is sometimes encountered as the compound 地震津波 (jishin tsunami, literally earthquake tsunami), to make the meaning more explicitly clear and disambiguate from the tidal bore sense.

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.