醜女

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
おんな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(bu, ugly) +‎ ‎(onna, woman).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

醜女 ‎(hiragana ぶおんな, romaji buonna, historical hiragana ぶをんな)

  1. an ugly woman
SynonymsEdit
Usage notesEdit

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
しこ
Grade: S

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(shiko, ugly; ferocious) +‎ ‎(me, woman).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

醜女 ‎(hiragana しこめ, romaji shikome)

  1. an ugly demon-woman or hag from the underworld
    • 931-938, Wamyō Ruijushō (book 1 page 44-45)
      醜女 日本紀私紀云、醜女、志古女、欽明或説黄泉之鬼也、今世人爲恐小兒稱許々女者此語之訛也。
  2. an ugly woman
SynonymsEdit

(ugly woman):

Usage notesEdit

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: S
じょ
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 醜女 ‎(tsyhuwX nrjoX, literally ugly + woman). Compare modern Mandarin reading chǒu nǚ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

醜女 ‎(hiragana しゅうじょ, romaji shūjo, historical hiragana しうぢよ)

  1. an ugly woman
SynonymsEdit
Usage notesEdit

For the generic “ugly woman” sense, the buonna reading may be more common. The shikome reading carries overtones of supernatural terror, and may be perceived as somewhat old-fashioned. The shūjo reading is the least common, and may be the most stilted; it is also the most negative of the three readings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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