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U+4E11, 丑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E11

[U+4E10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E12]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓土 (NG), four-corner 17105)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 77, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23
  • Dae Jaweon: page 154, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 12, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E11

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuː
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *tnuʔ
*nuʔ, *nus
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *nuɡ
*nuʔ, *n̥ʰuʔ
*nuʔ
*snu
*n̥ʰuʔ
*njuʔ, *nuɡ
*njuʔ
*nuɡ, *njuɡ

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n̥]ruʔ/
English 2d earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1526
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰuʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. second of twelve earthly branches (十二支)
  2. ox () of Chinese zodiac
  3. clown; comedian

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ugly”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. 1:00 AM to 3:00 AM.
  2. The ox, the second sign of Chinese zodiac.

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
うし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From (ushi, bull; cow; ox)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana うし, rōmaji Ushi)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (trhjuwX)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ちゅう, rōmaji Chū, historical hiragana ちう)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chuk, chu)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): , (revised: chuk, chu, McCune-Reischauer: ch'uk, ch'u)
    • Name (hangeul): , 이름 (revised: so, ileum, McCune-Reischauer: so, irǔm)
  1. clown, comedian
  2. 2nd terrestrial branch

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sửu, giấu, sấu, xấu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit