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See also:
U+4E11, 丑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E11

[U+4E10]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E12]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +3, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓土 (NG), four-corner 17105, composition)

Usage notesEdit

In Mainland China's Modern Chinese General Chinese Characters Stroke Order Standard (现代汉语通用字笔顺规范) and Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典), the third stroke touches the first stroke (相接 (xiāngjiē)) but does not cross over it. In the Taiwan, Japan and Hong Kong standards, the third stroke crosses over the first stroke (相交 (xiāngjiāo)).

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 77, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23
  • Dae Jaweon: page 154, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 12, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4E11

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*nuː
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *tnuʔ
*nuʔ, *nus
*nuʔ
*nuʔ, *nuɡ
*nuʔ, *n̥ʰuʔ
*nuʔ
*snu
*n̥ʰuʔ
*njuʔ, *nuɡ
*njuʔ
*nuɡ, *njuɡ

Pictogram (象形) – a hand.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

𠃠
“second earthly branch”
From Austroasiatic (Mei, 1980; Norman, 1985; Ferlus, 2013); compare Proto-Vietic *c-luː (water buffalo), Proto-Mon-Khmer *krpiʔ ~ *krpiiw ~ *krpuʔ ~ *(kr)puh (buffalo), Proto-Austroasiatic *k.r.pu.y (buffalo).
clown
From (chǒu).
墨粉省文 [MSC, trad.]
墨粉省文 [MSC, simp.]
From: 徐謂《南詞敘錄》
Yǐ mòfěn tú miàn, qí xíng shèn chǒu. Jīn xǐngwén wèi chǒu. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwX/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuX/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chǒu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n̥]ruʔ/
English 2d earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1526
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰuʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. second of twelve earthly branches (地支)
    1. (Chinese zodiac) ox ()
  2. clown; comedian
Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ugly”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. 1:00 AM to 3:00 AM.
  2. The ox, the second sign of Chinese zodiac.

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
うし
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

From (ushi, bull; cow; ox)

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana うし, rōmaji Ushi)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (trhjuwX)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ちゅう, rōmaji Chū, historical hiragana ちう)

  1. the Ox, the second of the twelve Earthly Branches

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʈʰɨuX).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (so chuk))
(eumhun 둘째 지지 (duljjae jiji chuk))

  1. Hanja form? of (ox; second earthly branch).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 사람 이름 (saram ireum chu))

  1. Used in personal names.

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: sửu, giấu, sấu, xấu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit