U+5973, 女
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5973

[U+5972]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5974]
U+F981, 女
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F981

[U+F980]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F982]
See also: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , 𡚦, and 𠨰

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 38 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 女 (V), four-corner 40400)

  1. Kangxi radical #38, (woman).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 254, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6036
  • Dae Jaweon: page 516, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1023, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5973

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rnaː
*rnaː
*rnaː
*rnaː, *na
*rnaː, *naː, *naːs
*rnaː, *na
*rnaːs, *nas, *snas, *nas
*rnaːw
*rnaːw
*n̥ʰaːŋʔ, *naː
*naː
*naː, *naːʔ
*naː
*naː
*naːʔ
*naːʔ
*naːʔ, *naːs
*na
*na
*naʔ, *nas
*naʔ
*hnjas
*nja, *njas
*nja, *njaʔ, *njas
*nja, *njas
*nja
*nja
*njaʔ
*njaʔ

Pictogram (象形): a woman with breasts kneeling or standing. In modern form turned on left side: enclosed area is remnant of left breast (character's left, depicted woman's right), while right breast has disappeared. Graphically cognate to (, “mother”), which has developed similarly, but also includes dots for nipples and has retained both breasts.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠨰

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • neoi5-2 - “daughter; girlfriend; girl”;
  • neoi5-1 - “queen”.
Note:
  • Xiamen:
    • lú - more common.
  • Zhangzhou:
    • lí - more common.
  • Quanzhou:
    • lír - more common;
    • lú - colloquial variant.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ny²¹⁴/
Harbin /ny²¹³/
Tianjin /nuei¹³/
/ny¹³/
Jinan /ȵy⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ny⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ny⁵³/
Xi'an /ny⁵³/
Xining /mji⁵³/
Yinchuan /ny⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵy⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ȵy⁵¹/
Wuhan /y⁴²/
Chengdu /ȵy⁵³/
Guiyang /ni⁴²/
Kunming /ni⁵³/
Nanjing /ly²¹²/
Hefei /zz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ny⁵³/
Pingyao /nzz̩ʷ⁵³/ ~子
/ȵy⁵³/ ~貓
Hohhot /ny⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ȵy²³/
Suzhou /ȵy³¹/
Hangzhou /nz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ȵy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ny³⁵/
Tunxi /ȵy²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵy⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ȵy⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵy²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /n̩³¹/
Taoyuan /ŋ̍³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nøy²³/
Nanning /ny²⁴/
Hong Kong /nøy¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lu⁵³/
/li⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ny³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ny²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /nɯŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /nu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (12)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/niɔX/
Wang
Li
/nĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrjoX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nraʔ/
English female

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9616
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*naʔ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. woman
    Antonyms: (nán)
      ―  rén  ―  woman
      ―  de  ―  woman; female
  2. (for people) female
    ,
    演員 / 演员  ―  yī ge yǎnyuán  ―  an actress
    士兵 / 士兵  ―  yī ge shìbīng  ―  a female soldier
  3. daughter (Classifier: c; c)
    /   ―  ér  ―  daughter
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Keoi5 hai6 ngo5 go3 neoi5-2. [Jyutping]  ―  She's my daughter.
  4. (Cantonese) girl; young female (Classifier: c; c)
    / [Cantonese]  ―  leng3 neoi5-2 [Jyutping]  ―  pretty girl
  5. (Cantonese, slang) girlfriend (Classifier: c)
  6. (Cantonese, card games) queen (Classifier: c; c)
  7. (astronomy) The Girl, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius, 10th of the Twenty-Eight Mansions and part of the Black Turtle.
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 女兒 (“daughter”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 女兒
Mandarin Beijing 女兒女花兒閨女姑娘丫頭
Taiwan 女兒
Tianjin 女兒閨女
Harbin 女兒姑娘閨女閨娘丫頭
Shenyang 姑娘丫頭
Jinan 閨女
Muping 閨娘閨娘子女兒
Jiedian 女子
Xi'an 女兒
Xining 姑娘丫頭
Xuzhou 女兒閨女
Yinchuan 女兒丫頭
Lanzhou 女兒
Ürümqi 女兒丫頭
Wuhan 姑娘丫頭
Chengdu 女兒姑娘兒
Guiyang 姑娘女娃娃女娃兒幺女幺姑娘小丫頭小姑娘
Liuzhou 丫頭
Kunming 囡兒姑娘
Yangzhou 女兒姑娘
Nanjing 女兒姑娘
Hefei 女兒丫頭
Nantong 丫頭
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong 女女
Dongguan
Taishan
Yangjiang 桓仔
Gan Nanchang 姑娘
Lichuan
Pingxiang 妹仔
Hakka Meixian 妹仔
Xingning 妹哩
Huidong 妹仔
Qujiang 妹子
Xiaosanjiang 妹仔
Changting 妹子
Pingyu 妹子
Wuping 妹子
Liancheng 妹子娘
Ninghua
Yudu 女子
Ruijin 女子
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 妹仔妹子
Liudui (S. Sixian) 妹仔妹子
Hsinchu (Hailu) 妹仔妹子
Dongshi (Dabu) 妹子
Zhuolan (Raoping) 妹仔妹子
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿女
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan 閨女妮子
Xinzhou 閨女
Min Bei Jian'ou 阿娘囝
Min Dong Fuzhou 諸娘囝
Min Nan Xiamen 查某囝查某仔
Quanzhou 查某仔
Zhangzhou 查某仔
Taipei 查某囝
Kaohsiung 查某囡仔
Tainan 查某囝
Taichung 查某囝
Hsinchu 查某囝
Lukang 查某囝
Sanxia 查某囝
Yilan 查某囝
Kinmen 查某囡仔
Magong 查某囝
Penang 查某囝查某仔
Singapore 查某囝
Chaozhou 走囝
Haikou 查某囝查囝
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai 囡兒女小囡
Suzhou 囡兒
Hangzhou 女兒
Wenzhou 奶兒
Chongming 丫頭
Danyang 女兒
Jinhua 囡兒
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 妹子
Shuangfeng
Loudi
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (12)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/niɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/niɔH/
Wang
Li
/nĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ni̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nrjoH ›
Old
Chinese
/*nraʔ-s/
English give as a wife

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9618
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nas/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to give one's daughter in marriage; to give as wife

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“you”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
おみな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /womi1na/ invalid IPA characters (1)/womina//omina/. The initial /wo/ expressed "small, youth" and contrasted with /o/ "grown, old" (as in (omina) "old woman"). The medial /mi/ is cognate with (me, female, woman).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おみな, rōmaji omina, historical hiragana をみな)

  1. (archaic) a young woman
  2. (archaic) a woman

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
おんな
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From earlier /womina/: /womina//woɴna//oɴna/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana おんな, rōmaji onna, historical hiragana をんな)

  1. a woman
Usage notesEdit

This has superseded omina, and is now one of the standard Japanese words for woman.

AntonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. /me1/ invalid IPA characters (1)/me/

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji me)

  1. female
  2. woman
  3. wife
Usage notesEdit

Used more in compounds than on its own.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(nyeo>yeo)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): >
    • Name (hangeul): 계집 (revised: gyejip, McCune-Reischauer: kyejip, Yale: kyeycip)
  1. female, woman

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nữ, nữa, lỡ, nhỡ, nớ, nợ, nỡ, nự, như, nhương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit