Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic 魚 (“fish”) + phonetic 安 (OC *qaːn) – a kind of fish.
Found in ancient Chinese as corruption of 鰋 (changing 匽 to 安) and originally meaning a kind of catfish. Later, independently coined in Edo period Japan in word 鮟鱇 (ankō, “monkfish”) from ateji 安康 (ankō) by adding the 魚 (“fish”) radical to each of the ateji characters. As found in Chinese, not considered a Japanese kokuji coinage, though 鱇 is kokuji, as it is not found in Chinese. Subsequently borrowed into Chinese from Japanese, both in compound 鮟鱇 and as isolated 鮟.
鮟 (radical 195 魚+6, 17 strokes, cangjie input 弓火十女 (NFJV), four-corner 23344, composition ⿰魚安)
- KangXi: page 1469, character 3
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 46108
- Dae Jaweon: page 2001, character 41
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4689, character 9
- Unihan data for U+9B9F
- ^ アンコウ: 語源, Japanese Wikipedia
- ^ 黄鮟鱇, NCIKU dictionary
- ^ 鮟, MDBG dictionary