U+5B89, 安
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B89

[U+5B88]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B8A]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 40, +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 十女 (JV), four-corner 30404, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 282, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7072
  • Dae Jaweon: page 552, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 913, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+5B89

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms
𠕷
𭑨
𡚴
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Gan)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (house) +  (a woman or a kneeling person) – person in a kneeling position sitting on the heels at home.

EtymologyEdit

calm; peaceful
A parallel stem is (OC *qeːns, “to be at ease; to rest”) (Wang, 1982; Schuessler, 2007).
Cognate with (OC *qaːns, “to push down with hand”), an exoactive derivative, literally “to cause to be settled; calmed” (ibid.).
Starostin reconstructs Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔɨāɫ (rest), comparing it to Mizo âwl (to rest) (and also noting Dhimal [script needed] (el-ka, good)). STEDT, however, traces the Mizo word to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-grwal ~ *ʔwal (finish, loose, relax) and did not list (OC *qaːn) among its comparanda: namely (OC *ɦŋoːn), (OC *ɢʷaːnʔ), (OC *qʰʷan, *qʰʷanʔ), (OC *ɢʷans, *ɢʷan).
where; how
Cognate with (OC *qaː, “how”) and (OC *qran, *qan, “where; how”), the latter of which is probably a variant of (OC *qaːn).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • an - literary;
  • oaⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • ang1 - literary;
  • uan1 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /an⁵⁵/
    Harbin /an⁴⁴/
    /nan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /nan²¹/
    Jinan /ŋã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɣã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /an²⁴/
    Xi'an /ŋã²¹/
    Xining /nã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /an⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /an⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ŋan⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ŋan⁵⁵/
    /an⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /aŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʐæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɣæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /ŋɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /ŋæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ø⁵³/
    Suzhou /ø⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /y³³/
    Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋan³³/
    Xiangtan /ŋan³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋɵn⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /on⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /on²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ɔn⁵³/
    Nanning /ɔn⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ɔn⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /an⁵⁵/
    /uã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /aŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /uiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /aŋ³³/
    /uã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /aŋ²³/
    /ua²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔan/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ān
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    ān ān ān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ 'an › ‹ 'an › ‹ 'an ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/ /*[ʔ]ˁa[n]/
    English peace(ful) how 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. calm; peaceful; tranquil; quiet
    2. comfortable; at ease
    3. safe; secure
    4. to calm; to pacify
    5. to feel satisfied with
    6. to find a place for; to plant
    7. to fit; to install
    8. to cherish; to harbour
    9. to confer (a title); to bestow; to put (the blame on someone)
    10. where
    11. how; why
    12. (physics) Short for 安培 (ānpéi, “ampere”).
    13. A surname​.
      1. (historical) A surname given to people from the Arsacid or Parthian Empire (安息 or 安國安国)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (あん) (an)
    • Korean: (, an)
    • Vietnamese: an ()

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    あん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    Sino-Japanese.

    AffixEdit

    (あん) (an

    1. calm; peaceful
    2. safe; secure
    3. easy; simple
    4. cheap; inexpensive
    5. (chemistry) ammonium

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 편안 (pyeonan an))

    1. Hanja form? of (peace, peacefulness).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: an[1][2][3][4][5], yên[4][5]
    : Nôm readings: yên[1][2][3][6][4][7], an[1][2][4][7], án[1], ăn[1]

    1. Hán tự form of an (safe; secure).
    2. Hán tự form of yên (calm; peaceful).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    ZhuangEdit

    ClassifierEdit

    1. Alternative form of 𬻹 (Sawndip form of aen)

    ReferencesEdit

    • 古壮字字典 [Dictionary of Old Zhuang Characters], Guangxi: Ethnic Publishing House (广西民族出版社), 2012, →ISBN, page 1